Akhmatova, Anna (Russian, Soviet poetess) - Anna Andreevna Gorenko.
Vovchok, Marko (Ukrainian writer) - Maria Aleksandrovna Vilinskaya-Markovich.
Ukrainian Lesya (Ukrainian writer) - Larisa Petrovna Kosach-Kvitka.
Akunin, Boris (writer) - Grigory Chkhartishvili.
Bagritsky, Eduard (Russian, Soviet poet) - Eduard Georgievich Zyubin.
Poor, Demyan (Russian, Soviet writer) - Efim Alekseevich Pridvorov.
Bely, Andrey (Russian, Soviet writer) - Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev.
Gaidar, Arkady (Russian, Soviet writer) - Arkady Petrovich Golikov.
Gorky, Maxim (Russian, Soviet writer) - Alexey Maksimovich Peshkov.
Green, Alexander (Russian, Soviet writer) - Alexander Stepanovich Grinevsky.
Ilf, Ilya (Russian, Soviet writer) Ilya Arnoldovich Faizilberg.
Petrov, Evgeny (Russian, Soviet writer) - Evgeny Petrovich Kataev.
Kaverin, Veniamin (Russian, Soviet writer) - Veniamin Alexandrovich Zilber.
Kolas, Yakub (Belarusian Soviet writer) - Konstantin Mikhailovich Mitskevich.
Koltsov, Mikhail (Russian, Soviet writer) - Mikhail Efimovich Frieland.
Kukryniksy (common pseudonym of three Russian Soviet graphic artists and painters) - Mikhail Vasilyevich Kupriyanov, Porfiry Nikitich Krylov, Nikolai Alexandrovich Sokolov.
Kupala, Yanka (Belarusian Soviet writer) - Ivan Dominikovich Lutsevich.
Mirny, Panas (Ukrainian writer) - Afanasy Yakovlevich Rudchenko.
Polevoy, Boris (Russian, Soviet writer) - Boris Nikolaevich Kampov.
Prutkov, Kozma (collective pseudonym of four Russian writers) - Alexey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Alexey Mikhailovich, Vladimir Mikhailovich and Alexander Mikhailovich Zhemchuzhnikov.
Semyonov, Julian (Soviet writer) - Julian Lyandres.
Svetlov, Mikhail (Russian, Soviet writer) - Mikhail Arkadyevich Sheinkman.
Severyanin, Igor (Russian poet) - Igor Vasilievich Lotarev.
Serafimovich, Alexander (Russian, Soviet writer) - Alexander Serafimovich Popov.
Cherny, Sasha (Russian poet) - Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg.
Kharms, Daniil (writer) - Daniil Ivanovich Yuvachev.
Shchedrin, Nikolay (Russian writer) - Mikhail Evgrafovich Saltykov.
Sand, Georges (French writer) - Aurora Jupin.
Blake, Nicholas (Irish poet) - Cecil Day-Lewis.
Voltaire (French philosopher and writer) - Marie Frasoy Arouet.
Hamsun, Knut (Norwegian writer) - Knut Pedersen.
London, Jack (American writer) - John Griffith London, born John Griffith Chaney. When he was about eight months old, his mother married a farmer, John London, who adopted the baby and gave him his last name.
Lewis, Carroll (English writer and mathematician) - Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
Le Carré, John (English writer) - David John Moore Cornwell.
Meyrink, Gustav (Austrian writer) - Gustav Meyer.
Moliere (French playwright) - Jean Baptiste Poquelin.
Neruda, Pablo (Chilean poet) - Naftali Ricardo Reyes-Basualto.
O. Henry (American writer) - William Sidney Porter.
Celine, Louis (French writer) - Louis Ferdinand Detouch.
Stendhal (French writer) - Henri Marie Beyle.
Twain, Mark (American writer) - Samuel Lenghorn Clemens.
Sholem Aleichem (Jewish writer) - Sholom Nokhumovich Rabinovich.