Height - 2.3-3.0 cm, weight - 2-4 grams.
Your baby is becoming more and more like a human - even a small tail disappears, which made the embryo look like an animal. On ultrasound, you can easily distinguish the head, torso, limbs, hands, elbows, feet, fingers.
The length of the head and the length of the body are approximately the same in size. And while the baby is still keeping his chin almost pressed against the tummy. But very soon he will begin to straighten his neck. The baby's face has formed - future eyes, mouth and nose are clearly visible.
The baby's skeleton continues to strengthen, and its small bones begin to grow and acquire joints. It's hard to imagine that in 30 weeks your baby will grow to half a meter! Now it is only 3 centimeters.
The digestive system also continues to prepare. This week, special enzymes appear in the intestines that will help break down proteins that are in any food into amino acids. Another acquisition will be the rudiments of sweat glands - on the palms and soles.
The brain acquires a cerebellum. This is a very important part of our body, responsible for coordination in space. It is the cerebellum that allows us to correctly perform the well-known test: to put a finger to the nose with our eyes closed. Some scientists studying the brain believe that the cerebellum also performs the function of a kind of computer: it somehow processes and encodes information coming to us.
In addition, the adrenal glands are laid. It is in them that the hormone adrenaline is produced, which helps us to adapt to stressful and dangerous situations. The child's face continues to form. The head begins to look more and more like a ball, the eyes, already almost covered by the eyelids, move from the temples to the nose, the mouth gradually acquires lips.
The child learns to bend and unbend the limbs. He can already bend them at an angle of 90 °. Nails are amazingly formed on the arms and legs. They do not appear at all in the place where we are used to seeing them, but on the completely opposite - on the inside of the palms and feet.
But then the nails will move to the place where they will grow, and sensitive tactile pads form on the inside. The respiratory system continues to form: the pulmonary horns are divided into five bronchi.
Your weight gain is hardly more than a kilogram. If you got tested last week, the results should be ready now. Of course, it is very curious to figure out what is written there. Here are the most basic markers.
Serum hCG level (mU / ml):
Healthy non-pregnant women: 0-15. Pregnant: 1-2 weeks 19-145; 2-3 weeks 111-3 640; 3-4 weeks 1 090-17 600; 4-5 weeks 2 740-59 600; 5-6 weeks 23,500-137,000; 6-7 weeks 29 900-222 000; 7-8 weeks 30,500-266,000; 8-9 weeks 54 700-268 000; 9-10 weeks 25 900-234 000; 10-11 weeks 46 200-238 000; 11-18 weeks 16 500-92 700; More than 18 weeks 8 540-58 500.
Highest HCG levels at 7-9 weeks of gestation. After 18 weeks, this level stabilizes and practically does not change anymore. If your pregnancy is 7-8 weeks, and according to hCG 2-3, this is a sign of problems with the development of the fetus and a signal of a possible miscarriage. If the hCG level is significantly higher than normal, this is a sign of multiple pregnancy.
The blood group is designated as follows: A (first), B (second), AB (third) and 0 (fourth). Rh factor - plus or minus next to the blood group. There can be problems if the mother is Rh negative and the father is positive. Special attention and health monitoring is required.
Rubella. Indicators of 10 or more IU mean that - you already had rubella in childhood and can no longer get it on your own and infect your unborn child. The analysis should indicate something like Rubella virus IgG +, Rubella virus IgM -.
Less than 10 IU - you have not had rubella yet and you could potentially get it. You should closely monitor the content of antibodies in the blood (repeat the analysis). The analysis is Rubella virus IgG -, Rubella virus IgM -. If you get this option: Rubella virus IgG +, Rubella virus IgM +, or this: Rubella virus IgG -, Rubella virus IgM +, this means that you have had contact with a person with rubella and there is a primary infection, an acute form or an asymptomatic course of the disease. This can threaten your child's development. However, the baby will not necessarily be infected with you. He will undergo a special blood test taken from the umbilical cord. Treatment is carried out if necessary.
Syphilis (PB, RW, Wasserman reaction) is currently quite difficult to meet, however, if you suddenly find it, then timely treatment will not harm the unborn child.
If a blood test for hepatitis B and C showed that you are a carrier of the virus (although you may not even know about it), then treatment is necessary to reduce the likelihood of infection of the child. And after giving birth, he will be injected with a special vaccine, which will exclude the possibility of postpartum infection.
With a general blood test, you should pay attention to the amount of hemoglobin, erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. The rate is indicated on the form. If the red blood cells and hemoglobin are below normal, then you may have anemia. It is imperative to treat it, otherwise the child will receive less oxygen and hypoxia may occur, which adversely affects the development of the fetus.
If your white blood cell count is high, you may have some kind of infection. This often happens if you donated blood after a cold or flu, but if you were not sick, you should look for other reasons, possibly more serious.
Platelets show how well your blood clots. If clotting is increased, problems arise with the blood supply to the placenta and, accordingly, the baby, as well as complications in the veins and thrombophlebia. If platelets are low, then the blood is too "liquid", it may not stop for a long time even with a small wound, therefore, during childbirth, complications associated with increased bleeding may occur.
The blood balance should be balanced. There are a number of medications that can help you do this. But they should be used only after consulting a doctor, because the wrong choice can have a deplorable effect on your child, who is completely dependent on your blood.
A urine test shows how your kidneys are working. For a pregnant woman, a slight presence of protein is allowed, but not more than 300 mg, and bacteria, but if their content is too high, we can talk about pyelonephritis, nephropathy and other unpleasant renal complications. Leukocytes indicate infectious inflammation, most often pyelonephritis. Cloudy urine and increased salts are also a sign of malfunctioning in the body. Bilirubin, erythrocytes, Epithelium, Cylinders in the urine should be absent.
You now have increased fatigue, drowsiness, irritability. Nausea and dizziness continue to come with regularity. Remember to follow the guidelines for week five. You don't have much left - toxicosis will end by 12 weeks.
You can gradually stop worrying about a miscarriage - usually all early miscarriages occur by the eighth week, and you have already crossed this critical milestone. Your baby is well established within you and will continue to grow. Don't forget about vitamins and folic acid. Folic acid affects the formation and functioning of the placenta, vitamin C affects the formation of the sac and amniotic fluid, which are critical for your baby.
Pay attention to your veins (both now and in the future). Many women face this problem during pregnancy, which can sometimes turn into very unfavorable forms for health. How might it look like?
Option 1 - blue stripes on the chest and abdomen, the so-called venous mesh. This is not a disease, but a normal state of blood vessels that need to transport more blood. Of course, not very beautiful, but what can you do.
Option 2 - red lines on the hips, teleangectasia. They appear as a result of hormonal changes, are not dangerous, they will disappear after pregnancy.
Option 3 - swollen veins, varicose veins. Especially noticeable on the legs. Veins bulge and bulge, often unevenly. Any kinks of blood vessels, improper distribution of blood pressure or its flow in them can already become dangerous if no measures are taken. If your legs often become numb, numb, or, God forbid, become covered with black and blue bruises and hurt, then you should immediately consult a doctor.
Measures to prevent varicose veins:
- do not lift weights, this is not useful anyway during pregnancy;
- do not sit or stand all the time, it is better to periodically warm up and walk;
- it is better to sit or lie with raised legs;
- special elastic stockings on the legs (ugly, but effective) and the correct selection of a bra help;
- do not smoke!
8 week - 9 week - 10 week