Height - 43-44 cm, weight - 2300-2400 g.
If childbirth comes now, then the baby will be able to breathe on its own without special devices. Of course, doctors will closely monitor him and his lungs, but, nevertheless, the baby is fully developed for independent life.
He has grown even more and fatter, but his head is much larger and heavier than his bottom. That is why most babies turn their heads upside down and this is how they spend their last weeks in their mother's tummy - firstly, it coincides with the shape of the uterus, therefore, it is more comfortable, and secondly, this is how it is more convenient to leave the mother's pelvis during childbirth. However, 4-5% of babies will remain in breech or transverse presentation.
The child prepares his own food reserves and actively produces a special hormone that contributes to the production of milk in the mother. Many women at these periods and even earlier notice colostrum droplets discharge from their breasts.
The kid is "bald" - he lost the lanugo fluff that had previously covered his entire body. Now the child is sleek and pretty, like a real man. At the same time, the hair on his head grew, and they became thicker.
To determine the child's condition, doctors use a special biophysical test with a scale from 0 to 2, and 2.0 is considered the norm as an anomaly. According to ultrasound, CTG and Doppler, respiration, movement, fetal tone, heart rate and the amount of amniotic fluid are assessed.
The results are summarized. The lower the result, the more possible complications are. With an extremely low score, a decision may even be made to give birth ahead of schedule. Of course, you first need to redo the test to avoid mistakes.
Such a test is necessarily carried out if the mother has diabetes mellitus, if the child is small and sluggish, or if the pregnancy is post-term, in general, whenever there is any doubt that the pregnancy is proceeding normally.
The average weight gain this week is about 12 kg. The height of the fundus of the uterus is 34 cm. This week, mothers begin to carefully examine their belly to understand whether it has gone down or not.
Lowering the abdomen is one of the most popular folk signs that determine when childbirth begins. Usually the baby appears 2-4 weeks after that. Now, at 34 weeks, it is still a little early, but all mothers are beginning to stubbornly explore their belly and actively discuss with friends and relatives whether it is down or not.
The abdomen really changes its shape when the child presses the head against the bottom of the small pelvis, that is, takes the "pre-start position". If earlier the stomach was sticking up and tightened the diaphragm, now it presses down with all its weight. It becomes much easier for mom to breathe, but she starts to run to the toilet more often, because the pressure on the urethra increases.
You can check if your belly has dropped or not. Place your palm between your chest and abdomen. If she lies calmly in the hollow, then the stomach has dropped, if it does not fit, then not yet.
So, lowering the abdomen is one of the signs of impending birth. What other signs are there?
1) Pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, appears 3-4 weeks before childbirth, may worsen a week before childbirth. The child presses his head on the pelvic bones and nerve endings, causing pain in the entire lower body, maybe even pinching of the nerve and the mother will find it difficult to change the position. At the same time, this is accompanied by a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen, a feeling as if the child is "going to fall out".
2) The increased tone of the uterus, the closer to childbirth, the more often, up to 1-2 times a day. At the same time, there is an increase in the frequency of Braxtons.
3) Change of mood. The expectant mother herself begins to look forward to childbirth, the state of pregnancy seems to her already bored, inappropriate. When you start asking yourself: "Well, when will I give birth?" - then you are ready for childbirth and your due date will come in 3-4 weeks. The apogee of impatience comes 2 weeks before childbirth.
4) 1-2 weeks before delivery, there is a decrease in appetite and weight. Anyway, usually there is no weight gain 1-2 weeks before delivery. Many people stop wanting to eat at all, however, this is very individual.
5) The instinct of "nesting" is enhanced. The expectant mother, with excessive care, prepares a "dowry" for the baby, decorates the room, puts a crib, etc. etc. This is good, but do not overdo it, otherwise you can overwork or inadvertently induce premature birth in yourself.
Signs by signs, but here is a list of signs that tell you that you will go to the hospital within the next day:
1) Exit of the mucous plug. As we know, the mucous plug "seals" the exit from the uterus. On the eve or a few hours before the birth, the cork separates and leaves the body. It can come out in one large clot of mucus, or it can come out in parts. But it's a fact: you won't confuse this with anything. The appearance of brownish mucus on your underwear indicates that the cervix has begun to open. Attention: now you need to listen to yourself and try to feel the first contractions.
2) Following the cork, a bloody daub begins to appear, it's a bit like at the very, very beginning of menstruation.
3) Bowel function may change and diarrhea may appear. This is due to the onset of the hormones that induce labor.
4) Water. Not every woman breaks through the fetal bladder and leaves the amniotic fluid before the onset of labor.
But if the waters have departed, then you immediately need to go to the hospital. Pay attention to the color of the waters. They should be light, colorless. If they are greenish, then meconium - the original feces of the child - has gone.
Therefore, it is not excluded that the baby, for some reason, is exposed to too strong spasms in the uterus (after all, the baby usually leaves meconium after childbirth). This may not be a very favorable sign, be sure to warn your doctor.
It must be borne in mind that the waters may not flow out completely, but leak. Those. periodically a small (!) amount of liquid will be released from you. As in the case of a complete waste of water, it is necessary to go to the hospital.
It should be borne in mind that the risk of infection of the fetus is now increased, and if the leakage of water occurs for more than 32 hours, intrauterine infection may develop. It is worth paying special attention to this if you are not yet due to give birth: leakage of water can cause premature birth.
5) And finally, the most basic sign is contractions. Since they are still weak, they can be confused with lower back pain, if not for the regularity. But if they are regular, with every half hour they become stronger, if they do not weaken, no matter what you do, then these are contractions.
Note their intensity and duration to yourself, at the same time prepare your husband with the car or call an ambulance to go to the hospital. Do not forget to call your doctor, the sooner you tell him that labor has begun, the better.
An ultrasound should be done at 34 weeks. This time, the doctor determines the presentation of the fetus, i.e. what position the baby takes in the uterus (head down or legs), and also fixes the position of the placenta (does it overlap the birth canal), the main dimensions of the baby and their compliance with the gestational age. On this ultrasound, the date of birth can be determined with almost 100% accuracy, unless the case decides everything differently.
33 weeks - 34 weeks - 35 weeks