Height - 12-14 cm, weight - 90-60 g.
Your baby has already reached the size of a handball ball and continues to grow rapidly. A child's heart can pump up to 23 liters of blood per day.
The bones of the skeleton are getting stronger day by day. If you now carry out an X-ray examination (which is absolutely unnecessary and highly undesirable, unless the cause will be some emergency), then you can see the baby's skeleton inside the mother. The most amazing sight!
The first hairs appear on the baby's head, provoking additional heartburn in the mother. The baby's skin is still very thin and red in color. His face is acquiring more and more human features - the ears are already in place, the eyes are not so wide-set, the mouth and lips are clearly marked.
The creation of the sense of smell is completed. Now your baby is able to distinguish smells, by the way, not one or two, but several hundred! Therefore, after giving birth, do not be surprised that your baby will know exactly when you are with him in the room, and when you "run away" about your business. With an impatient cry, he will demand his mother back to him!
Many women use a cunning maneuver - they leave their dressing gown or nightgown next to the baby's bed, in general, any thing that smells like mom and her milk. Then the baby is much more loyal to the absence of mom in the room. Indeed, in the first month of life, he still sees poorly and is guided precisely by smell.
The kid continues to train in "breathing". Through the mouth, he "inhales" and "exhales" the amniotic fluid. In this way, it prepares the breathing muscles for the first real breath.
The placenta at this stage is often semicircular, it attaches next to the cervix and sometimes even closes it. After five months, the placenta will surely move, so you should not worry that the child will not be able to exit correctly because of this.
Amniotic fluid reaches 100 ml and is renewed 8-10 times a day, that is, approximately every three hours. Its temperature is 37 ° C, that is, slightly higher than body temperature. For a baby, this is a pleasant warm bath and at the same time the most valuable nutrient medium.
The liquid is absolutely sterile for the child, despite the fact that his urine is periodically excreted into the amniotic fluid. They are designed in such a cunning way that all the chemicals in them are specially processed into the composition that is most useful for the child.
In addition, the amniotic fluid protects the baby from possible damage (for example, the blows that the mother's abdomen may undergo, from the pressure of the uterus and in general from contact with it), it massages the baby's body and allows him to move freely, creating conditions similar to space weightlessness ...
Japanese scientists conducted an experiment and made a special chamber, getting into which a person could feel all the conditions of being inside the mother's womb. It turns out that the child experiences a surprisingly comfortable sensation in this clean and warm bath, in conditions of weightlessness, dim lighting, and even distinguishing external sounds. Adult participants in the experiment reported that they experienced amazing relaxation and a sense of security.
The bottom of the uterus (upper edge) is located 6-7 cm below the navel. If the outerwear still covers your growing tummy, then on the beach, when you put on a swimsuit, your pregnancy is visible to everyone.
Heart rate and pressure may increase, and blood suddenly begins to flow from the nose. Quite often a runny nose appears just as suddenly. The cause of such bleeding and a runny nose is an increased level of hormones - progesterone and estrogen. They cause increased blood flow through the nasal mucosa.
It is especially bad in winter, when indoor air - usually very hot and dry - irritates the nasal mucosa even more. Special humidifiers and ionizers can help. Try also smearing your nose with petroleum jelly and drinking extra vitamin C.
One of the most common complaints is headache, dizziness and lightheadedness. The headache is acute (at some specific point of the head), pulsating, squeezing, like a hoop, migraine-like.
Scientists believe that the reason for the increase in headaches and dizziness during pregnancy is the hormonal and physical changes in the woman's body, the increased stress and stress she experiences. It is imperative to inform your doctor if headaches become severe and persistent, and are also accompanied by deterioration of vision.
It is worth trying to determine what exactly is causing your headache, what situations, or maybe people. In the future, try to avoid anything that causes you increased fatigue and irritation.
If you change your body position, do it not abruptly, especially if you sit down from a prone position or bend over. After all, all the efforts of your circulatory system are now aimed at serving the baby and the placenta, so the brain remains, sometimes, almost on a starvation diet. If you stand up or bend over sharply, you risk fainting.
Sometimes a drop in blood sugar causes pain and dizziness. Watch out for sugar and indulge in a piece of chocolate (or any other carbohydrate-laden food) if you experience sudden attacks. Snack frequently. Be sure to walk and breathe fresh air.
Monitor the hemoglobin and iron levels in the blood to rule out the possibility of anemia. Head massage also helps. First, vigorously massage the area where it hurts most, then massage the temples and neck. We remind you that next week you need to visit your doctor, get an AFP test and take swabs for infections.
14 weeks - 15 weeks - 16 weeks