We are already accustomed to the fact that each person has a surname that distinguishes him from the rest, shows his belonging to a certain family and is inherited. The official assignment of the patronymic to each person took place less than a century ago, which within the framework of history is a very small period of time.
Patronymic is an important part of the generic name. Although in many countries the patronymic or patronymic name is not used at all, in Russia the father's name was indicated even in the pre-family period. At that time, the patronymic performed the social function of the surname and served to accurately identify a person.
For each nation, the degree of use of the patronymic has developed historically. So, in Bulgaria and in some other countries of Eastern Europe, the patronymic is used only in official documents, and in Iceland, the first and patronymic is in higher priority than the last name. In addition, Icelanders often do not even have surnames. In Mongolia, a full name always begins with a patronymic, and in Azerbaijan, patronymics traditionally have the endings -oglu (for men) and -kyzy (for women).
In Russia, patronymics are used to the fullest, both in an official and an informal setting. Regardless of the influences of Western culture, the Russian mentality is ineradicable - the use of a middle name in colloquial speech, addressing you is considered good form and emphasizes respect for a person, for his status and age.
The popularity of the middle name directly depends on the popularity of male names. And the reasons why a name is becoming popular are many and it is sometimes difficult to accurately determine the factor manifestation of the popularity of a particular name. In the 19th century, leadership positions among names and, accordingly, patronymics belonged to the name Ivan, in the 20th - to Alexander.
The name Dmitry also belongs to traditional Russian names; its peak of popularity over the past 150 years was in 1970-1980. Therefore, now the middle name Dmitrievich or Dmitrievna is very popular and widespread. It is worth noting the wave-like popularity of names, its growth is associated with outstanding personalities, movie and show business stars.
So, Valerievich or Valerievna became a popular and widespread patronymic in the 70s of the last century thanks to the people's love for the famous pilot Valery Chkalov. And the little Sergeevichs were called Sergei in honor of the great Mikhalkov, who played in the film "Cruel Romance". Even now, parents name their children after their idols, so you can easily guess what patronymics will be heard in 20-30 years.
For a long time, Slavic male names were not perceived for religious reasons, due to their absence in the Orthodox calendar (Stanislav, Vladislav, Vsevolod). The old Russian names Timofey, Cyril, Makar, Kuzma, Foma, Nazar remained unclaimed for a long time and were on the list of archaic, but recently the fashion to call their children that way has returned. This is associated with the desire of the parents to pay tribute to Russian traditions, to get a typically Russian sound of the name and surname, which is often derived from the same name.
The name accompanies a person all his life, has an impact on the formation of his character and further destiny. The combination of a name with a patronymic carries tremendous information, in terms of the interpretation of the name and the psychological portrait of its bearer. Therefore, the task of parents is to give their child a harmonious name that will successfully fit the middle name. And when choosing a name for a boy, one must not forget that it will someday turn into a middle name.
There are times when the desire of parents to assert themselves and be the most original leads to the fact that the child receives a name invented by them or borrowed from completely different peoples. In the future, an adult may feel very uncomfortable or complex because of his name or patronymic. This is one of the reasons for deciding to change your passport data.
There is a great way to choose a name for a baby - the Law of Harmony or Sweetness with a middle name. It lies in the fact that the combination of name and patronymic should sound melodic and easy to pronounce, without interruption and without losing sounds. There are seven simple rules:
- the last letter of the name should not coincide with the first letter of the middle name;
- you should not call your son by the name of his father, if the family does not have such a long tradition;
- the name and patronymic should have the same origin, from the point of view of national traditions;
- the number of syllables should be different;
- avoid the complete duplication of the name and patronymic of very famous people;
- a short name is suitable for a long patronymic and vice versa;
- harmony of the combination of sounds: a more "aggressive" name is suitable for a "soft" patronymic and vice versa.