How to determine the prevalence of a particular surname? It so happens that in one small rural settlement dozens of representatives of one surname live, and in another territory it will not even be found.
However, there are popular surnames for all times and in all territories of our vast country. They are familiar to everyone, since there are a huge number of carriers of such surnames, according to the population census.
In different sources, you can find different lists that determine the prevalence of a particular surname. Let's just try to characterize the most popular Russian surnames.
According to some reports, in Moscow alone, there are more than seven hundred thousand carriers of this surname. Why is it so widespread? Perhaps it's all about her origin. Peasant families were large, and all the children had to be somehow distinguished. They tried to pronounce the Orthodox names given to the child at baptism rarely, so as not to jinx it.
More often, children were given various nicknames, among which the name Smyrna was widespread, which was given to a quiet, modest, obedient child. This name was assigned to a person in the form of a nickname, which then gradually and gradually turned into one of the most common surnames.
A well-known Russian folk proverb: "In Russia, Ivanov is like filthy mushrooms." This name was in every courtyard, since the choice of names was small, then people were happy to give their children this affectionate and simple name, from which many different forms could be formed: Vanechka, Vanyushka, Vanyusha. It was given to both the royal offspring (remember how many John sat on the royal throne!), And ordinary peasant children.
Orthodoxy supported the spread of this name, since Ivan (John) was translated from the Hebrew language as the mercy of God. If a person with that name was at the head of the family, all members of his family were called that - these are the Ivanovs. Initially, the correct stress was placed on the second syllable (Ivanovs), but then gradually shifted to the third syllable (Ivanovs) and strengthened there.
What machines are doing today in factories was previously produced by a master blacksmith, a metal processing professional. Weapons, armor, horseshoes - all this is his handiwork. This is one of the most irreplaceable and oldest professions.
The people involved in this craft were, as a rule, of remarkable strength. They were highly respected and appreciated both in villages and in cities. Their families were called in the settlements - Kuznetsovs.
This surname is especially common a little to the south and east of Moscow. In other languages, the surname with the stem "blacksmith" is also very common: Smith in English-speaking countries, Schmidt in Germany, Kovachev in Bulgaria, Kovalenko in Ukraine.
The surname has several variants of origin, but the fact is obvious: this surname is one of the most popular surnames in Russia. The falcon is one of the most revered birds in Russia, since since ancient times it has helped people in hunting. Hunting was not just fun, it was one of the main ways of getting food - meat.
Falcons were caught and trained, and then they were allowed to poison the pursued game. Why a falcon? This is a bird of high flight, which has an amazing swiftness, it skillfully attacks and strikes the victim. The falcon in flight develops a speed of up to 200 km / h. The victim is instantly knocked down by a blow of the whole body and clawed paws. The versions of the origin of this surname are as follows.
Sokolov could be called a person who resembles a falcon in habits and character traits: impetuous, strong, sharp, sudden. It is believed that the Falcon could be called a person who resembles this bird with his predatory look or hooked large nose.
You should not neglect the milder version of the origin of such a surname: Sokolik has long been in Russia called a beloved person, dear to the heart. And, of course, this surname was given to those people who were professionally engaged in falconry: perhaps they were the trainers of these unique birds.
A common surname, but even its owners make a mistake in explaining its origin. In fact, there are several versions. Indeed, pop is the colloquial name for a priest in Russia. It is very logical to deduce from this that the Popovs were called the children of priests. Naturally, it was so, but this is not the only reason for the birth of such a surname.
According to research data, in the XIV and XV centuries, according to documents, there were a lot of peasants among the Popovs. religious, fearful parents tried to give their children a name that at least somehow related to Orthodoxy. Popovs were often called those workers who worked in the house or at the site of the local priest. If we consider the area of distribution of this surname, then most often it is found in the North, especially in the Arkhangelsk region.
A beautiful, sonorous surname based on the name of a proud and majestic bird. The swan has long been famous for its loyalty, legends were made about it. But again, there is no unequivocal opinion about what exactly formed the basis of such a surname.
Appearance: a slender woman, a girl with a stately gait, who walked with her head held high, was called a winch in Russia.
Character: perhaps the Lebedevs were those couples who were known for their loyalty to each other.
Seminary surname: the famous Oxford linguist B.O. Unbegaun claims that this surname was created artificially, since it was mainly given to future priests because of its euphony.
There have always been many Novikovs in Russia, and the explanation of the origin of this surname is very logical and lies on the surface. Novik - that was the name of any newcomer, newcomer, alien. The migration processes were quite extensive, so that the population was constantly updated and there were enough newcomers in each locality. In the Old Russian census books, a lot of people were listed under the nicknames Novik and Novikov. And practically next to each of them there was another entry: a hallway, that is, a newcomer, a new person.
This is another "children's" surname, like Smirnov. Frost was called a child who bothered to be born in severe frost or just cold. It was believed that children with this name grow up strong, strong, powerful and healthy. The name was attached to a person, and then transferred to his family, which was said to be the Morozovs.
Another nominal surname, very common in Russia. Indeed, the name Peter was very popular, since it was believed that the Apostle Peter was a very strong patron, who was himself a fisherman and condescending to those who were poor and hunted for a living by fishing. Fishing, along with hunting, fed the peasants all year round. From the ancient Greek language, this name is translated as a stone.
If your surname is not on this list, this does not mean at all that it is not common: there are much more popular Russian surnames than in this list.