Most popular allergens


A person cannot feel comfortable in our world, because his body is constantly in a state of invisible struggle with nature. They appear when the immune system is attacked by some third-party substances, marked as dangerous.

In this case, the substances can be completely harmless. At the same time, the body's retaliatory attack can be so brutal that it even jeopardizes life itself.

Mold. This allergen feels great outdoors in the warm season. Mold can be found on rotting trees, grass, and fallen leaves. She loves dampness and enters the house, having chosen the nooks and crannies in the bathroom, in the kitchen and in the basement. To improve the ecological situation in the apartment, it is worth using humidifiers, ozonizers or ionizers.

Microscopic mites. These small creatures, although invisible, live in every home. Because of them, allergic diseases such as asthma, eczema and allergic rhinitis develop. Microscopic mites feed on small scales of our dead skin, which peel off unnoticed by humans. Measures to combat mites include avoiding carpets, regularly cleaning, and reducing the level of humidity in the house. Unfortunately, man cannot completely defeat these allergenic creatures and rid his home of them.

Ambrosia. When the time for flowering trees, grasses and shrubs begins, there is a real wave of allergic diseases associated with pollen. The most famous culprit of such an epidemic is ambrosia. It turns out that three-quarters of all allergic cases are associated precisely with its flowering. Seasonal allergies can be avoided by protecting yourself from exposure to the allergen. Decongestants and antihistamines can also be taken.

Animal wool. At some point, a furry pet can turn from a pleasure source to a health threat. There are people who react strongly to animal dander. For them, urine, saliva, and pet hair will also become enemies. In the case of highly sensitive allergy sufferers, these dandruff particles can generally lead to chronic illness. It is worth noting that there are people who react so sharply to certain breeds, and there are those who experience an acute reaction in general to all animals.

Rubber. A lot of things are made from this material - these are gloves and balloons. And condoms. The rubber is based on the juice of special Brazilian trees. Proteins from these plants cause latex allergies. Its simplest manifestation is contact dermatitis. More complex symptoms can include sneezing, rhinitis, lacrimation, weakness, and asthma attacks. In this case, it is necessary to look for an alternative to this material, since it is not so difficult.

Insects Many insects protect themselves from enemies with poison. It is worth mentioning only the known all bees, wasps and hornets, as well as some species of ants. For most people, the poison of these small creatures does not pose a threat to life, but some can get a severe allergic reaction. As a result, this can even lead to anaphylactic shock. Those who are prone to such a reaction should constantly carry an anaphylactic kit with them.

Seafood. Seafood is considered to be seafood. However, these gifts can also backfire. Seafood can sometimes lead to food allergies. As a result, people can get asthma, eczema, stomach and intestinal problems. Oysters, crabs, lobsters, shrimps and mussels are the most common cause of this reaction. Less commonly, an undesirable reaction occurs due to bony or scaly fish - halibut, trout, cod or salmon. Allergy sufferers should also be careful about fish by-products, which can sometimes be found in even the most unexpected products.

Soy. A lot is known about the benefits of this plant-based product. But not everyone knows that it contains as many as 15 proteins that can cause an allergic reaction. But it can lead to the development of asthma, eczema, rhinitis and even lead to anaphylactic shock. As a result, some products may contain allergens, although soy itself will not be listed on the label. In adults, the reaction qualifies as an individual intolerance to soy protein, it is fortunately rare.

Peanut. Peanut allergy is one of the strongest of this type of food reaction. As a result, great breathing problems and even anaphylactic shock can occur. Even with age, such allergies rarely go away. If the parents find that the child reacts sharply to peanuts, then he should be taught to be extremely careful about products containing this legume. It is worth warning teachers, caregivers and parents of friends that the child is allergic to peanuts.

Cow's milk. Allergy to this product occurs in children under the age of three. In this case, the disease occurs more often in boys. The prevalence of this allergy in older children is practically disappearing. But such a diagnosis can be made to a completely adult person. Faced with this type of allergy, you will have to give up infant formula, milk-based cheese and yogurt.

Egg white. Chicken eggs can also be dangerous in terms of body reaction. But eggs are used in the production of many food products. This includes drinks, spices, pasta. Protein is included in the composition of drugs and cosmetics. Therefore, allergy sufferers with a reaction to egg white should be extremely careful in choosing medicines, cosmetics and food. And the reaction manifests itself in the form of rhinitis, eczema, asthma attacks and problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

Beta-lactam antibiotics. These drugs are often used in the treatment of bacterial infections. However, the antibiotic can lead to an allergic reaction. And this will not be a side effect of the drug itself, but a reaction of the immune system to it. Allergies in general can appear during the use of any antibiotic. If a medication causes rhinitis, eczema, or an asthma attack, stop taking it and see a doctor.


Watch the video: Allergy - Mechanism, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention, Animation


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