The most popular ornamental plants


Today the assortment of garden plants is growing every year. It should be noted that they are also in demand because they are quite easy to care for.

Spirea (Spiraea). Spireas are quite hardy plants. They have many varieties known. Those that bloom in spring have white flowers, while those that bloom in summer have purple-red or pink flowers. Plants usually reach a height of 1 to 2.5 meters, the diameter varies within the same limits. It is better to plant spirea either in the sun or in a semi-shaded place. But the soil in the garden is suitable for this. Those species that bloom in spring are pruned immediately after the flowering period. Summer species are processed in early spring. The advantages of this plant are obvious - it is very unpretentious, even a novice gardener can handle it. It is also worth noting the relative compactness of the spirea, some of its undersized species (for example, Japanese) barely reach 80 centimeters in height. The disadvantages of species blooming in spring is the need for timely pruning, otherwise the flowering intensity will be low.

Norway maple (Acer platanoides). Particular attention should be paid to the "Globosum" variety. This variety of maple looks like a massive tree, although it is rather modest in size. The spherical crown will look great on small areas and front gardens. The height of the maple reaches 6 meters, and the crown diameter can reach 5-6 meters. This tree also loves light, so it doesn't need shadow. And maple does not put forward special requirements for the soil, any place in the garden is suitable. Pruning maple is also not particularly needed, occasionally you can cut branches to the width of the crown. Among the advantages of such a plant is its dense crown, which creates a thick shadow. Maple leaves turn bright yellow in autumn. However, you have to pay for such beauty - in the fall there will be quite a lot of foliage, and due to the lack of pruning, the crown can grow in breadth over the years.

Forsythia, forsythia. This plant is a symbol of the coming spring, one of the most beautiful at the same time. The golden yellow flowers of the shrub look beautiful next to blue and blue primroses. Forsythia can reach a height of 3 meters, and its diameter is the same. It is better to plant this plant in a sunny place, there are no special requirements for the soil of the garden. After flowering, forsythia must be cut off. This plant is quite unpretentious that novice gardeners will appreciate. In addition, a variety of varieties will allow you to choose the best one. For example, undersized varieties are suitable for small areas. The Week End is only 1 meter high. Cut branches are often placed in a vase, flowers will bloom much later. It will be amazing to see a flowering plant at home for New Year and Christmas. However, after blooming, the shrub quickly loses its decorative appearance. And it is necessary to cut the forsythia regularly, otherwise the flowering will begin to lose in intensity.

Syrian hibiscus (Hibiscus syriacus). This shrub looks great, both in a single planting and in a group of fellows, as well as as part of a hedge. Hibiscus in the southern regions can even grow in open ground. The height of the shrub is from 1.5 to 2 meters, its diameter is from 1 to 1.5 meters. It is best to plant the hibiscus in a sunny location, and the soil should be fertile and permeable. Plants are pruned in February - early March. The garden plant is appreciated for its variety of varieties and a wide range of flower colors. Hibiscus is afraid of cold weather, which can be attributed to its shortcomings. Even cooler summers result in less abundant flowering.

Bobovnik (Laburnum). Another name for this plant is "Golden Rain". It appeared because when the bushy tree blooms in May-June, its long flower clusters resemble streams of rainwater. Bobovnik will look great, both independently and next to other crops. The bright plant reaches a height of 7 meters, and its diameter is up to 4 meters. Bobovnik loves the sun, but in terms of soil is unpretentious. You don't even need to cut this garden plant. The advantages of the bean berry are its simplicity and easy maintenance. Not only flowers are beautiful, but also leaves. However, the legume also has its disadvantages - the plant is considered poisonous, especially harmful substances are concentrated in the seeds. So you should be careful if children live near the landing site. The branches of the plant are quite fragile and can break even from the weight of the snow.

Catalpa (Catalpa). This thermophilic plant in our open spaces looks especially exotic and decorative, thanks to its large heart-shaped leaves. And at the beginning of summer, the catalpa blooms, displaying numerous bell flowers. The tree reaches a height of 10-15 meters, and its diameter is 6-10 meters. For planting, a sunny location, sheltered from the wind, is best. There are no special requirements for the soil of the garden, it is better to refuse even pruning. For small plots or front gardens it is better to choose the "Nana" variety. The height of the tree will then be no more than 7 meters, and the crown of the plant will be spherical.

Weigela (Weigelia). These unpretentious shrubs will look best in hedges. It will be especially beautiful if you compose them from several decorative flowering shrubs. Weigela looks good in a company with lilacs or kolkvitsa. The flowering time of the plant depends on the variety, some bloom in May-June, while others from June to August. The shrub does not exceed 3 meters in height and diameter. It is best to plant plants in a sunny place or with diffused lighting, while any soil is suitable in the garden. Weigela should be trimmed after flowering. The advantages of the plant lie in its unpretentiousness, which is especially convenient for novice gardeners. The Purpurea variety is popular, which does not reach a height of one and a half meters. But the disadvantages of the plant is that they must be cut off every year. Otherwise, flowering will weaken.

Decorative apple tree (Malus). These apple trees delight not so much with their fruits as with their flowers. Almost all of them look like not so much small trees as shrubs in general. There are many varieties of ornamental apple trees, which differ in the shape of their growth, the color of flowers. When it's blooming in May, the branches literally drown in a sea of ​​white, pink or red flowers. Such apple trees can reach a height of 2 to 10 meters, and their crown diameter is up to 8 meters. Trees love sunny places, the soil they need is loose and fertile. Apple trees need to highlight the crown and remove the wild. In the summer and fall, it's time to harvest. Beautiful fruits are perfect for making dessert. However, the decorative apple tree did not do without its drawbacks. It is often affected by diseases such as powdery mildew and scab. That is why, even at the time of purchasing a seedling, you should be careful; it is better to do this in a proven and reliable place.

White acacia, robinia (Robinia). Growing white acacia usually requires a large area, but there are several smaller varieties of this plant. With the beginning of summer, clusters of flowers will begin to appear in the crown of the robinia. Surprisingly, white acacia has varieties whose flowers are not only painted in white. So, the "Frisia" variety is decorated with beautiful golden leaves all season. White acacia can reach a height of 25 meters, crown diameter - up to 12 meters. The plant loves the sun, it is better to plant it on soil with good water permeability. But it is better to refuse pruning branches. At the same time, dry and even scanty soil is suitable for white acacia. Gardeners should pay attention to the "Umbraculifera" variety, which stands out for its globular crown. Such a tree does not exceed 6 meters in height. An ornamental plant has only one drawback - it forms root shoots.

Rhododendron (Rhododendron). This garden plant has many varieties. In addition to the rhododendron itself, related varieties are also distinguished, for example, smaller azaleas. In height shrubs can reach from 1 to 5 meters, their diameter is about the same. Rhododendron does not like the sun, so it is better to find a place for it in the shade. The plant prefers acidic soil, fertile and permeable. It is not necessary to prune the bushes, although radical pruning is also allowed in extreme cases. The advantage of this plant is that most species are evergreen. The disadvantages lie in the special requirements for the soil, susceptibility to diseases, as well as the need to constantly water the rhododendron in dry season.

Derain (Cornus). This group of plants is renowned for its diversity. At the same time, many species, such as flowering turf, bloom very intensively. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend planting the grass separately from other plants, or at least placing it in groups where the plants are not densely located. The height of the shrub is from 2 to 6 meters, approximately the same diameter. Most deren species like sunny locations or with little shade. It is best to choose acidic soil, you also need to constantly moisten it. The plant does not need pruning. The advantages of the deren lie in the beautiful color of the leaves, especially in this regard, the coosa deren stands out. Only beautifully flowering varieties are easily susceptible to diseases and are afraid of bad weather.

Hydrangea (Hydrangea). Such undersized shrubs bloom in summer. There are many hybrids in the southern regions of our country, they are quite compact and differ in a wide variety of colors. In height, as well as the diameter of the plant, from 1 to 3 meters. It is better to plant a hydrangea in places with diffused lighting, however, neither shade nor sun will interfere with its growth. It is better to choose acidic soil, keep it constantly slightly moist. It is recommended to prune the hydrangea in the spring or fall. The advantages of the plant include the good tolerance of even containers, besides, thanks to such shrubs, even shaded areas in the garden can become more beautiful. But caring for them also requires attention. For example, alkaline soil will cause blue buds to turn pink. And in dry weather, do not forget about watering.

Juniper (Juniperus). This group of ornamental plants includes primarily dwarf species or medium-sized shrubs. Juniper varieties are distinguished depending on the form of growth of the needles and its color. It can be green, blue, yellow, or silver. The shrub can reach a height of 8 meters, and its diameter is up to 5 meters. Juniper does not have special requirements for the soil, but he loves the sun. In places with shade, juniper will not grow well. Most of the time, no pruning is required. The main advantage of the juniper lies in its unpretentiousness. In autumn, blue-black fruits appear on the bush, resembling berries in appearance.

Lilac (Syringa). This garden shrub is one of the most popular. The color can range from purple to pink, light yellow and white. Lilacs have many varieties and types. Its shrubs reach a height of 3-6 meters, and their diameter can be up to 5 meters. It is best to plant plants in the sun, while the soil should be fertile and permeable. Lilacs should be trimmed lightly, it is best to just remove only wilted inflorescences and wilds. The advantages of a garden plant lie in its unpretentiousness, the bouquets fit perfectly into the home interior. In addition, the most compact species do not exceed 1.5 meters in height. But there are some species with small flowers that are more moody. They don't like the urban environment, so it's better not to plant them here, the lilac will grow poorly.

Ornamental cherry, plum (Prunus). This is a fairly large family, which includes many varieties with different characteristics. For example, in Japan, plums and ornamental cherries have long and powerful flowering. In April-May, the crown of these beautiful plants is enveloped in real foam of double pink or simple flowers. The trees grow to a height of 2-12 meters, their diameter is 2-10 meters. This species loves rich and fertile soil with good water permeability. But it is better not to prune cherries and plums. The advantages of this ornamental plant are that you can choose their shape for almost any kind of garden. It can be columnar, tiered, or weeping. The disadvantages lie in the fact that in slowly growing varieties, the tops of the shoots can die off prematurely.


Watch the video: Super Easy Plants to Grow for Your Landscape


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