There are many mysterious objects in the world created by ancient civilizations and people. These sites are being carefully studied by archaeologists, historians and scientists.
However, some places on the planet were mastered by man for a long time, there was something unfinished or incomprehensible in them. As a result, we still cannot understand the purpose of some objects.
Below we will tell you about these most mysterious places on the planet. They constantly raise new questions, like all new versions of their purpose. Were these advanced ancient civilizations or were people helped by some alien creatures? We still have many secrets to learn.
Mounds of Cahokia. Under the name Cahokia, the scientific world knows an ancient Indian settlement that is located not far from American Illinois. Archaeologists say the city dates back to 650. The structure of the buildings in it is very complex, which proves the existence of a highly developed and prosperous society there. At the time of its peak, Cahokia was home to up to 40 thousand Indians. Until the arrival of Europeans in America, it was the most densely populated settlement on the mainland. People left here in about 1400. But the main attraction of Cahokia is their earthen mounds, whose height reaches 30 meters. They are located on an area of 2,200 acres, and the number of embankments reaches 120. To create the mounds, the Indians moved more than 50 million cubic feet of land in baskets to the city. These structures were created for people to live there, as well as for mass gatherings, burials of prominent rulers were held there. A whole network of terraces was also created in the city. It is believed that at the very top were the most important buildings, for example, the ruler's house. During excavations in the city, a solar calendar made of wood was also found. It was named Woodhenge. The calendar was a very important component of that ancient society, carrying out not only a religious, but also an astrological function. With its help, the Indians celebrated the days of the equinox and solstice. However, scientists believe that there is some kind of mystery hidden in the mounds of Cahokia. The fact is that the Kahokian community has remained unexplored to the end, new and new information about it constantly appears. The biggest secret is why the Indians suddenly abandoned their city? And what modern American tribe can be considered their heirs? Scientists can speculate that climate change, a terrible and forgotten cataclysm, drought ... Native Americans believe that this place is sacred. It is noted that a very strong source of energy is located here.
Newgrange. Scientists say it is the oldest known prehistoric structure in Ireland. It is not surprising that it is also the most famous here. The site is believed to have been erected around 3100 BC. It is based on sand, stone and clay. But the Egyptian pyramids will be built only after 500 years. Newgrange is a mound 13 meters high and 85 meters in diameter. Inside, the building is a long corridor that leads to a chamber located across it. It consists of vertically placed stone monoliths weighing 20-40 tons. Most likely it was someone's burial. Newgrage is distinguished by a rather precise design. Thanks to this, the entire structure has remained completely waterproof to this day. It is surprising that the entrance to the tomb is located so that at the winter solstice, when the day is the shortest of the year, the rays pass through a small hole and enter a 20-meter passage. There they illuminate the floor of the central room of the underground structure. Although archaeologists consider this place to be an ancient grave, it remains unclear for whom and why this particular shape was chosen. It is not clear how the ancient scientists were able to calculate so precisely the location of the entire structure, and what place the sun occupied in their religious life. Few manage to see the spectacle of the penetration of rays into the inner chamber. A special lottery is held, which selects the lucky ones.
Yonaguni Underwater Pyramids. There are many famous monuments in Japan, but none of them is as mysterious as Yonaguni. It is an entire underwater formation found near Ryuku Island. In 1986, divers were watching sharks here, when they suddenly found underwater pyramids. This discovery immediately sparked lively controversy throughout the Japanese scientific world. It turned out that at a depth of 5 to 40 meters, there are carved rock formations in the form of massive platforms and high pillars. The tallest pyramid is 180 meters wide and about 30 meters high. The most popular formation is called the turtle, due to its unusual shape. Although there are very dangerous underwater currents, the Yonaguni Monument is still a favorite spot for divers throughout the country. The reason for the debate of scientists is the main question - is the Yonaguni monument natural or artificial? Some believe that such formations appeared on the ocean floor due to thousands of years of strong currents and erosion, and the monument itself is part of a single underwater monolith. Others say there are too many straight edges, square corners and different shapes of stones. This is direct evidence of human activity. If these supporters are really right, then a new, even more interesting question arises - who built Yonaguni and why? Geologists suggest that the ancient complex could have been built 5 thousand years ago, being flooded during an earthquake 2 thousand years ago. But the Japanese government did not recognize the monument as a cultural object.
Nazca Lines. In the dry Peruvian Nazca desert, there are a number of pictograms and lines. They stretch along an area of 50 miles. Scientists suggest that these lines were created by the Nazca Indians between 200 BC. and 700 A.D. The lines were found in 1927, at first scientists did not even give special attention to this, concentrating on other interesting discoveries in the country. The arid climate of this area has allowed the lines to remain intact for hundreds of years. Rain and wind are extremely rare here. Some of the lines are 200 meters long. Their width reaches 135 centimeters, and their depth is up to half a meter. They depict various objects - from simple geometric shapes to insects and animals. Although scientists know who made these lines and how, their purpose is still unclear. The most popular hypothesis is that the lines were part of the religious beliefs of the Indians. Thus, they "communicated" with their gods, who could see their subjects and their creations from heaven. There is a version that the lines are the remnants of the use of some massive looms, perhaps this is a kind of calendar form. There is even a ridiculous version that this is part of the ancient airfields used by the once ancient, technologically advanced society. Perhaps it is worth talking not even about the Gods, but about the aliens to whom the information was sent. These patterns strangely confirm the existence of an ancient culture in Peru.
Goseck circle. This place is one of the most mysterious in Germany. The Goseck Circle is a historical monument created from earth, gravel using wooden palisades. This is one of the most primitive and earliest solar observatories created by human civilization. The ditches, surrounded by the walls of the palisade, form a circle with a diameter of 75 meters. Although it took a long time to restore its shape. The height of the palisade is 2.5 meters, and you can enter through one of the three gates. By the way, they show the direction of sunrise and sunset on the days of the winter solstice. Scientists suggest that this ancient monument was built about 7 thousand years ago by the Neolithic peoples. This date was determined using pottery shards found here. The mystery is how the ancient people were able to build this object so accurately and efficiently. It is believed that the circle could be the simplest solar or lunar calendar, but this is just a version. There is evidence that the solar cult was widespread on the territory of Ancient Europe. A different theory is based on this. According to her, some rituals were performed in the Circle, possibly even with the sacrifice of people. As proof of this, archaeologists have found human bones inside the Gosek circle, including a decapitated skeleton. It is possible that the ancient observatory served as the basis for the construction of subsequent structures of this kind throughout Europe. Stonehenge, which emerged two thousand years later in England, was the last in this chain.
Sacsayhuaman. There is another interesting object not far from the famous city of Machu Picchu. Sacsayhuaman is a strange stone fortress. Its length is about 450 meters, and its width is 15 meters. Its walls are assembled from massive stone and limestone blocks weighing 200 tons. They are arranged in a zigzag along the slope. In the center is the stone structure that is the Inca solar calendar. The ruins also have a pool for storing water, barrels for supplies, and underground chambers. The discovered underground passages most likely led to other objects of the city of Cuzco, the capital of the Incas. For its age, the fortress is pretty well preserved, besides, earthquakes are quite frequent here. It is believed that Sacsayhuaman played the role of a fortress. But there are many controversial points in this assumption. The walls have a rather unusual shape. Perhaps the fortress simultaneously served as a temple dedicated to lightning. It is also worth noting that the place has increased magnetism - the compass needle here literally goes crazy. But the main mystery of the fortress is how the Indians were able to deliver such heavy stone blocks here. Even today, not every machine can lift them. What technologies did the Incas use during construction? After all, they delivered the blocks to the very top of the mountain, and even erected three walls of them. It is worth noting that, similar to other buildings of this people in Sacsayhuaman, the stone blocks are very tightly adjacent to each other. Perhaps the fortress was not built by the Incas, but by some mysterious developed civilization?
Easter Island. This island off the Chilean coast is famous for its Moai monuments. This is a whole group of stone statues made in the form of a man. It is believed that they were carved between 1250 and 1500 AD by the first and earliest inhabitants of the island, belonging to the Rapa Nui civilization. Scientists believe that the huge figures represent the ancestors of humans, as well as local gods. The island contains a lot of volcanic rock, tuff. It was from it that people carved and carved huge figures. It is estimated that there were 887 statues originally. But then there was a war between the clans on the island. As a result, most of the idols were destroyed. Today there are 394 standing upright statues left here. The largest of them is 9 meters high and weighs 70 tons. Scientists, in principle, came to unanimity on the reasons for the installation of such stone figures. But the mechanisms of their creation are still a mystery. After all, the average figure weighs several tons. They were created in Rano Raraku, and then somehow transported to different parts of the island. The most popular theory today is the one that explains the movement of giant Moai statues using sledges and bars. This also explains how the once green island has practically lost its vegetation. Another mystery of the island is where people came from here. Some believe that these were the inhabitants of South America who moved here. Others say the island was inhabited by tribes from other Pacific islands. And the fact that Basque genes were found in the blood of the modern inhabitants of Easter, suggests that a Spanish ship once crashed here. His team settled the island.
The Georgia Tablets. Most places have received their mysterious status over the millennia. But this was initially strange. This monument consists of four monolithic granite slabs, on top of which there is also a fifth. This monument was created by R.S. Christian in 1979 in American Georgia. He oriented his monument to the cardinal points. The total height of the monument is 6.1 meters, and the total weight of the slabs is 100 tons. In some parts of the monument, holes have been made that indicate the Sun and the North Star. But the most interesting are the inscriptions on the plates in the main world languages. These are guidelines for future generations who have survived some kind of global cataclysm. At the same time, the letters are rather controversial, which gave rise to a wave of discussions of the monument, indignation and even its desecration. In particular, advice is given to preserve the planet's population of 500 million people, preserve nature, avoid litigation and create a single new language. In addition to the controversy surrounding the monument, the personality of its creator himself somehow remains aside. It is not clear why he created such a monument at all. Christian himself says that he represents a certain independent organization that stopped contacting him immediately after the erection of the tablets. Since the monument was built in the midst of the Cold War, perhaps there were those who were already prepared to rebuild society after a nuclear disaster.
Great Sphinx at Giza. The Egyptian pyramids are not only one of the wonders of the world, but also one of the greatest mysteries of our civilization. And the figure of the Sphinx is an indispensable companion of the pyramids. It seems incredible how ancient people were able to carve this statue from a monolithic part of the rock. As a result, the Sphinx turned out to be as much as 70 meters long, 6 meters wide and 20 meters high. There are many such monuments on Earth, but this is the largest of them. Historians say that the Sphinxes served as a kind of symbols. Their statues were traditionally placed next to important buildings - temples, pyramids, burials. Located in Giza, the Great Sphinx is adjacent to the pyramid of Pharaoh Khafra, many researchers believe that the animal's face is from this ruler. Although the Sphinx remains one of the world's most famous ancient monuments, there are still many mysteries surrounding it. Although there are opinions regarding the need to place the Sphinx here, Egyptologists still cannot say for sure when, who and how created this figure. If we are talking about the time of the reign of Pharaoh Khafra, then the statue refers to 2500 BC. However, there is scientific evidence to suggest that the Sphinx is much older. Water erosion of the monument suggests that it was created long before the ancient Egyptians. Although his face is significantly damaged today, even 7 centuries ago, travelers claimed that the Sphinx is beautiful.
Stonehenge. We can safely say that this particular monument of antiquity is shrouded in mystery more than others. Scientists, historians and other researchers have been arguing about Stonehenge for more than one hundred years. This stone megalithic structure is located not far from London. From the capital to the mysterious place, only 130 kilometers to the southwest. The complex consists of two rings, which are made up of 80 huge boulders. It is believed that they came here from South Wales.But from there to Stonehenge 320 kilometers. Legends say that the stones were brought here by the legendary wizard Merlin himself. Along the outer rampart, there are 56 small burial holes in a circle. They are called Aubrey holes after the person who first described them. But this was the 17th century. To the northeast of the entrance to the stone ring was a huge Heel Stone. Its height was 7 meters. Stonehenge still looks pretty impressive. However, it is believed that this option is just a modern version of a more grandiose monument, which has gradually disappeared from the face of the Earth due to the ravages of time. The fame of the monument was brought by the fact that even the most brilliant scientists unsuccessfully fought over its riddle. During the Neolithic period, when Stonehenge was built, there was no written language. So scientists have to study only the current structure of the complex and subject it to analysis, trying to grasp the general features. One of the popular assumptions is that the monument was not built by indigenous people, but either by aliens, or by another highly developed technological civilization of people. There is a very simple explanation - Stonehenge is nothing more than an ordinary monument near the cemetery. Several hundred burial mounds near the complex serve as proof of this. There are thoughts that religious rituals were held in this area, and people here were spiritually healed. It is not even clear when exactly this monument appeared. Now accept the opinion that it generally arose in three stages between 2300 and 1900 BC. Although it is said that Stonehenge was created 140 thousand years ago. Astronomers say that the ancient monolith may have been a solar and lunar calendar, or an accurate model of the solar system.