When mankind mastered navigation, they began to build lighthouses for navigation. People have built such structures since ancient times.
The Alexandria lighthouse was even one of the wonders of the world. In 1820, with the invention of the Frenkel lens, the brightness of the lighthouses increased significantly.
Although today, with the development of navigation, the importance of such objects decreases, many of them are still in service. The most beautiful lighthouses will be discussed below.
Hook Head, Ireland. This operating lighthouse is one of the oldest in the world, and in Ireland there is simply no equal. Legends say that in the 5th century Saint Duban lit a lighthouse fire to warn sailors. And the tower was built by monks, who over the next six centuries watched that the fire did not go out. In the XII century, the lighthouse was reconstructed, and since then its appearance has remained unchanged. The Normans between 1170 and 1184 used local limestone and burnt lime mixed with bovine blood for this building. Even today, traces of red paint are visible through the lighthouse coverings. The walls here are 9 to 13 feet thick. The structure, on the other hand, looks like a Roman-style squat, besides its width visually increases due to horizontal stripes. Hook Head Lighthouse is one of the top tourist attractions in Ireland.
Creach, France. This black-and-white structure is 54.85 meters high on the island of Ouessant in French Brittany. The lighthouse is considered one of the most powerful in the world. The fact is that this part of the Atlantic coast is famous for its storms, high waves and numerous hidden granite reefs. That is why the presence of a lighthouse here is so important. Creach gives light, which can be seen in clear weather from a distance of 60 kilometers. The principle of operation of this structure, as well as its history, can be learned from the local museum. The former engine room also houses a collection of buoys and floating beacons. And there is another lighthouse nearby, Stiff. It was opened back in 1700 and is still in operation.
Green Cape, Australia. This lighthouse sits on the very edge of Wreck Bay in New South Wales. This name was not given to her by chance. The lighthouse has seen many shipwrecks in its history. The building is the southernmost in Australia. It was built in 1873 after a series of disasters. However, even the presence of a lighthouse in this troubled place could not prevent the catastrophe in May 1886. Then the ship Ly-ee Moon, sailing from Sydney to Melbourne, collided with a reef. Then 71 sailors died, and 15 were saved by the lighthouse keeper. Wreck Bay is located on the border of two national parks - Ben Boyd and Crowjingalong. The lighthouse rises on a hill above the typical Australian bush - fine sand, rocky steep cliffs with tea trees, blue water and the smell of eucalyptus. The place literally beckons ships with its beauty, but it is very dangerous here.
Eddyston, UK. The history of this lighthouse is one of the most dramatic among other similar English buildings. The first version of the tower was built in 1698. But the Great Storm (a hurricane that raged for a whole week) destroyed this lighthouse on the Eddyston cliffs. The second version was made of wood, built and consecrated in 1709. However, in 1755 the tower burned down. The third version on dangerous rocks was built by the Yorkshireman John Smeaton in 1759. The lighthouse appeared 14 miles from Plymouth. The stone tower was built in the shape of an English oak tree, which was illuminated by 24 windows. However, 120 years later, due to the instability of the structure, the lighthouse was dismantled. In 1882, a modern tower was erected, not far from the squat remains of its predecessor.
Hatteras, USA. The appearance of this lighthouse is such that it is difficult to confuse it with another. And all thanks to the spiral that winds around the tower. The Hatteras lighthouse is one of the tallest in the United States at 63 meters. It was originally built here in 1803, but the building was damaged during the Civil War. In its present form, the lighthouse has existed here since 1871. However, soil erosion forced him to move from the very edge of the ocean to a safer place. In 2000, the lighthouse was moved 800 meters from the water's edge. Today this building not only fulfills its main functions, but also serves as a museum.
Slangkop, South Africa. The lighthouse appeared here in 1914, but it began full-fledged work on March 4, 1919. At that time, the structure was serviced by a team of three employees. The reasons for the construction of the lighthouse are frequent shipwrecks near the Cape of Good Hope. The last straw was the 175-meter ship "Maori" thrown onto the rocks in 1911. In 1979, the lighthouse was fully automated, which gave it a second life. Now there is only one caretaker. The Slangkop lighthouse is 33 meters high and is one of the brightest of its kind in South Africa.
Pondicherry, India. While there is much evidence in India about the remnants of British colonialism, the French influence is felt in the city of Pondicherry in the south of the country. It was once a quiet village that the East India Company turned into a large shopping center. In addition, a real lighthouse was built on the hill. It started operating in 1836 and has been in operation for 150 years. The lighthouse in Pondicherry is currently serving as a monument, but the city plans to open a museum of local French architecture based on it.
Palliser Point, New Zealand. This promontory is located at the southernmost point of the North Island. In this uninhabited area, only an 18-meter lighthouse testifies to the presence of a person. It stands 80 meters above the sea. And the lighthouse at Cape Palliser opened back in 1897. The building is painted white with wide red stripes. The lighthouse has become a real guiding star for ships passing by the tip of the island. Today tourists can climb up to the building by breaking the path of 250 steps. From a bird's eye view, the boundless ocean will open up.
Maryanemi, Finland. Only one night spent in this lighthouse will give an understanding of all the romance of the work of its keeper. Outside the windows, the wind is constantly blowing, the ocean is thundering by storms. The pilot station appeared here in 1871, and now it has turned into a hotel. And the very trip to Hailuoto Island, where the lighthouse is located, turns into a real adventure for tourists. This place is worth visiting, if only because in the near future tectonic shifts will turn the island into the mainland.
Gibbs Hill, Bermuda. There are two lighthouses on these islands. Gibbs Hill began operations on May 1, 1846. The fact is that up to this moment at least 40 ships have crashed in coastal waters. The lighthouse now stands on a hill in Southampton and offers excellent views of the entire island. From a height of 36 meters, you can see the surroundings within a radius of up to 60 kilometers, and even the migration of whales is visible at the beginning of the year. Previously, the lighthouse did not work with kerosene, but now it has been converted to electricity and is equipped with the most advanced technologies. Going down 185 steps, tourists can visit souvenir shops and cafes. The fact that the grandfather of the current owner of the lighthouse was its last keeper, after which the work was finally automated, adds romance.