People have found a unique way to show their unity - to create living chains. The most famous living chains will be discussed below.
Hands ascross America, May 25, 1986, USA. This action involved 6.5 million people. On that day, a charity event was held in the country called "Join Hands Across America", or "Hands across America". The human chain was built for 15 minutes, then a lot of simple and not so people took hands. Among the participating celebrities are Liza Minnelli. The chain stretched from Battery Park in New York to a pier in Long Beach, California. This live line passed through 15 states and was 6.6 kilometers long. The action did not protest against anything, with its help the organizers planned to collect donations for the homeless, hungry and needy. With the help of the human chain, 34 million dollars were raised, and the government took a closer look at the problem, later allocating another 800 million. Such a global action simply could not be ignored by the authorities.
"Baltic Way", 23 August 1989, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania. The example of the Americans inspired the creation of their living chain and the inhabitants of the Baltics. This time the reason had a political subtext - 50 years earlier, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact was signed, which changed the fate of many countries. In 1989 about 2 million citizens of the three countries joined hands in a 600-kilometer chain. It connected the Baltic capitals - Riga, Vilnius and Tallinn. This demonstration 20 years later was even included in the list of the "Memory of the World" program, created by UNESCO. After all, that living chain became a model of nonviolent resistance. Although the "Baltic Way" was clearly anti-Soviet in nature, the Soviet government did not react to those events. Perhaps that living chain was the first step towards the sovereignty of the three republics. They soon seceded from the USSR.
From Lvov to Kiev, January 21, 1990, Ukraine. The Baltic Way was guided by the American model, but it itself became an example for a similar action in Ukraine. On this day, the anniversary of the Act of Reunification of the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR) with the West Ukrainian People's Republic (ZUNR) was celebrated. This memorable event for the country took place in 1919. After 71 years, Ukrainians have built a living chain between Kiev and Lviv. According to various sources, this action was attended by from 1 to 3 million people. And later in Ukraine, similar events with the participation of chains of people were held many times, they were simply smaller in scale. So, since 2008, in honor of the Day of Unity in Kiev, on the Paton Bridge, people connected the left and right banks of the Dnieper with their own hands. This symbolizes the unity of the eastern and western parts of the country.
From Gaza to Jerusalem, July 25, 2004, Israel. When Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon decided to liquidate Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, it sparked public discontent. As a result, from 130 to 200 thousand people took part in the protest action. The prime minister wanted to evacuate the settlers from dangerous territories and withdraw troops from there, which was the reason for the creation of a living chain. The demonstration lined up from the settlement of Nissanit in northern Gaza to the Western Wall in Jerusalem. The press wrote that the first in the chain was Shamir Yitzhak, who fled from the Gaza Strip in 1948 when Egypt entered its troops there. And the last link in the chain was his six-year-old granddaughter Iel Better. The girl put her palms on the sacred wall.
Chain on the day of the "Great American Boycott", May 1, 2006, USA. This day in America is traditionally called "Bicycle Blessing Day". But more recently, this date was called the "Great American Boycott". On May 1, a live chain was created, based on representatives of the Latin American emigration. People holding hands stood in Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn and the Bronx. In total, the chain consisted of 12 thousand people. They protested against the new immigration reform announced by President George W. Bush. On that day, the Great Boycott took place in the country. 11.5 million people in the United States did not come to work and did not spend a single dollar. And the live chain was the highlight of that action. The organizers of the action tried to use economic means to influence the authorities. After all, she put people without legal status outside the law. But they work in the US, pay taxes and spend their money there.
Chain Against Nuclear Power Plants, March 12, 2011, Germany. When the accident at Japan's Fukushima nuclear power plant happened in 2011, there was a lively response in Europe. After all, this type of energy is very common there. As a result, the very next day after the disaster, 60 thousand people created a human chain 45 kilometers long. It began near the nuclear power plant "Neckarwestheim-2", and its end reached the doors of the government of the state of Baden-Württemberg in Stuttgart. The object for the chain was not chosen by chance. After all, the station was built in 1988, and since then, messages about malfunctions, problems and emergency situations have constantly appeared around it. The participants in the demonstration generally fought against the plans of the country's government to continue to operate nuclear facilities, while the operating life of the existing plants remained the same. The members of the living chain were never able to change the economic course of the country, nevertheless, the chancellor instructed her experts to check the state of the nuclear power plants in Germany.
The chain around the Cairo Museum, January 29, 2011, Egypt. Although this live chain is not the longest and most populous on our list, it can be considered the most effective. During the revolution in this country, supporters of the still incumbent President Hosni Mubarak and the rebels converged on Tahrir Square. Taking advantage of the confusion in the country, unknown robbers raided the famous Cairo Museum. The guards were unarmed and could only turn off the lights in the entire building, so that the bandits who broke through the fence could not endure the most valuable exhibits. Volunteers came to help the guards in preserving national values. Several hundred people first drove the thieves out of the museum, and then lined up in a human chain. She stood around the building, guarding the valuables, until regular troops came to the rescue.
Yunus Chain, 8 March 2011, Bangladesh. When the announcement of the resignation of the general director of the bank "Grameen" Muhammad Yunus sounded, it made a bolt from the blue. After all, this man received the Nobel Peace Prize, he created the concept of microcredit. It so happened that one of the shareholders of the Grameen bank created by Yunus was the country's Central Bank. He also challenged the decision to reappoint the economist to his previous post. Yunus lost several courts, which confirmed the orderliness of his removal from office. But the banker's supporters believed that this decision was biased. The fact is that Yunus decided to go into politics. Soon after he announced the creation of his own party, a resounding resignation took place. Several thousand people formed a human chain in support of the economist in Dhaka. It first stretched out near the bank building, and then spread to neighboring streets. People demanded that the popular politician-banker be returned to his former place of work.
Ready for Work, 11 October 2011, UK. Lately England has become accustomed to long queues outside employment offices. However, on that day, the line of people became much larger than usual. On October 11, several thousand young people gathered. They all had the same "Ready to work" briefcases. People united in a human chain, which passed through the offices for registering the unemployed. Thus, the government made it clear that there is a serious problem in society regarding finding a job. Today, more than a million young Englishmen under the age of 24 are unable to work. A month later, Prime Minister Neil Clegg reacted to this action. He noted that the youth unemployment rate can no longer be ignored. According to the politician, England will be able to overcome the consequences of the world economic crisis only if it solves this urgent problem.
Round dance of unity, May 28, 2005, Armenia. This human chain stretches around the foot of the highest mountain in Armenia - Aragats. And the event was timed to the "Day of the First Republic". The chain stretched for 163 kilometers, 170 thousand people were involved in it. They represented Aragatsotn and Shirak regions of Armenia. The participants were located at a distance of about a meter from each other, while at the end of the action many trees of love for the fatherland were planted in its place. "Each participant in the Round Dance of Unity had an apricot-colored cap on his head. Mount Aragats The action was organized by the charitable community "Nig-Aparan" The round dance was transformed into a national holiday, with a concert, festivities, bonfires.
Live Chain, September 1, 2008, Georgia. In Georgia, people joined hands that day to demonstrate their unity and protest against Russia's military actions against the proud small republic. The length of the live chain was 35 kilometers, and it began in Tbilisi. Similar events took place in Rustavi and other regional centers. A human chain also passed around the Russian checkpoints. Tourists and foreign citizens took part in that peaceful action. In total, about 1.5 million people took hands in Georgia that day. Among those who were on a par with everyone else, it is worth highlighting President Mikheil Saakashvili and Speaker of Parliament David Bakradze. Deputies, oppositionists and clergy stood side by side with ordinary people. The authorities stressed that the live chain showed everyone to the world that Georgia is a free country, in which there is no place for split when it comes to the country's independence. Since then, September 1 is considered the Day of Unity in the country.