Today megalopolises are more and more often seen as a gray accumulation of faceless boxes, between which roads wind like a snake. There are several cities that can even be called "green".
This does not mean that they are immersed in nature and that they are completely environmentally friendly. Many cities have a lot to learn from their green fellows.
Reykjavik, Iceland. There is an old unusual saying in English that allows you to memorize words based on their funny combination: "Greenland is icy and Iceland is green" (Greenland is icy and Iceland is green). It is unlikely that something has changed in Greenland itself during this time, but Iceland fully justifies this proverb. Today, Reykjavik is an example of an eco-friendly capital. Here, buses run on hydrogen fuel, on the island, geothermal energy is used for heating and to generate electricity. The Icelandic authorities plan to completely switch to renewable energy sources by 2050. Thus, Reykjavik will become the cleanest city in Europe. Iceland, Iceland, will probably have to change its name with Greenland, Greenland.
Portland, Oregon, USA. In America, it is common for a city to be named. So, New York is called the Big Apple, Chicago is the City of the Wind. But Portland was nicknamed the City of Roses. I must say that it is not accidental. In Portland, the City is very thoughtful about the layout and the microclimate. As a result, the city is considered one of the most environmentally friendly in the country. Portland became the first place in the United States to impose the strictest controls on carbon dioxide emissions. It also has a green building program. Portland has created a system of light rail, express buses and bike paths. This made it possible to draw the attention of residents to public transport by reducing the number of cars. The area of green space in Portland is 350 square kilometers, the total length of park alleys, paths and paths is 120 kilometers. The city's special pride is the Japanese Garden. Here, on an area of 2 hectares, one of the most authentic Japanese gardens on the planet has been created.
Curitiba, Brazil. This city is considered one of the most comfortable in the country. Curitiba prides itself on its ideal urban public transport system. In the city, 75% of residents prefer to use it, rather than their personal cars. The high-speed bus lines in Curitiba serve as a benchmark for other cities. There are 54 square meters of green space for every inhabitant. The lawns are kept in order in an unusual way - there are no petrol-powered lawn mowers, instead of them live sheep are responsible for order. This solution is both environmentally friendly and pleasant for children. The love of the authorities for the environment gives the result - 99% of Curitiba residents are happy to live here.
Malmo, Sweden. This city is literally buried in gardens and parks. Malmö is the benchmark for smart and sustainable urban management. Malmo is the third largest city in Sweden. They are trying to make their city even greener and therefore they are carrying out a number of environmental reforms.
Vancouver, Canada. Also the third largest in its country is the Canadian Vancouver. The city has a unique location - between the mountains and the sea. This largely determined its appearance and microclimate. As a result, Vancouver is considered one of the most beautiful and prosperous cities on the planet. The English edition of The Economist has recognized Vancouver as the best city in the world four times. They take the environment seriously - a plan to improve the climate for as long as 100 years has been developed, and it is being implemented flawlessly. Today, already 90% of all city electricity is generated from renewable sources. The city is powered by hydroelectric power, wind, sun and tidal power. Vancouver has more than 200 parks and squares, as well as about 30 kilometers of the ocean coast.
Copenhagen, Denmark. In Denmark, for the benefit of the city, they learned to use wind energy. In 2000, not far from Copenhagen, an unusual industrial facility was built right in the Øresund Strait. The Middelgrunden wind farm supplies 5% of energy to the capital of Denmark. The use of this type of natural resource in Denmark is generally considered the best in the world, more than 90% of the electricity generated by wind is exported. In Copenhagen itself, a new environmentally friendly metro has been operating for 10 years, and the city itself has more than once received European awards for the best environmental management system. The capital of Denmark is considered one of the continent's most cycling cities. Not only is it fashionable and environmentally friendly, it is also good for health.
London, Great Britain. Despite the fact that London is one of the largest and most active metropolitan areas in the world, the city hall is working to make this place one of the greenest in the world. It has recently adopted climate change control initiatives, as evidenced by the city's development. According to the plans of the mayor, Livingston, a quarter of London's needs should be provided by renewable sources. Over the next quarter of a century, carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere of the metropolis should be reduced by 60%. For those residents who decide to switch their homes to alternative energy sources, the authorities provide benefits. It is possible to drive a petrol car into central London only for money - this is a step of the mayor's office in the fight against exhaust emissions. SUVs are the most expensive to pay, but electric and hybrid vehicles are completely unimpeded.
San Francisco, California, USA. In San Francisco, every second resident uses public transport, walks or bike every day. More than 17% of the city's area is allocated for parks and green spaces. In 2001, residents approved a program to introduce energy-saving and generating installations based on wind and solar energy. The "green" innovation will cost the city $ 100 million. San Francisco also prohibits the use of non-recyclable plastic bags, children's plastic toys containing hazardous substances.
Baia de Caraquez, Ecuador. The small South American town has a population of only 20 thousand people. In the mid-1990s, a series of natural disasters hit it. However, the residents, together with the authorities, not only restored it, but also made it even more convenient for life. In 1999, Baia de Caraquez received the title of eco-city. This is the "greenest" city in Ecuador, environmental students come here for training, ecotourists to relax. The city has developed programs for the preservation of biological species, instead of old plantations, new ones are immediately created, a person fights against soil destruction. The world's first certified shrimp farm opens in Bahia de Caraquez.
Sydney, Australia. It was Australia that became the first country in the world to ban old incandescent lamps at the state level. Residents of Sydney in their struggle for the environment went even further - in the city everyone voluntarily cut off electricity for an hour. So the Australians tried to draw the attention of mankind to the problem of global warming. In Sydney itself, carbon dioxide emissions are closely monitored, food waste is carefully disposed of here. This is what allows the metropolis to be considered the "greenest" modern city in the Southern Hemisphere.
Barcelona, Spain. Walking is all the rage in Barcelona. More than 37% of all movements in the capital of Catalonia are made by residents on their own feet. Convenient and eco-friendly parking lots have been created for those who do drive cars. Thanks to the sunny climate in Barcelona, most of the electricity is generated naturally from the sun. The city authorities are closely monitoring the development of the metropolis, all areas are growing evenly. As a result, the slums and neighborhoods of the poor simply have nowhere to come from.
Bogota, Colombia. For most of us, Colombia is a land of drug dealers, coffee and slums. But these stereotypes must be fought. At the beginning of the century, the mayor of Bogotá introduced a high-speed bus system. It turned out to be so profitable and convenient that half of the capital's population switched to public transport. The road load has been reduced by 40%. Due to high taxes on gasoline, the population is gradually switching to electric and hybrid vehicles. All conditions have been created for pedestrians - safe and beautiful sidewalks, green parks and bike paths.
Bangkok, Thailand. If large cities are more and more immersed in clouds of dust and emissions, then Bangkok is purposefully moving towards its literally bright future. The mayor of the city even put cooking at the service of ecology. From now on, residents of Bangkok can hand over vegetable oil waste for processing. Biofuel for transport will be created from them. The volume of harmful emissions into the atmosphere from industry and transport is gradually decreasing in Bangkok. And although the air here is still not ideal, progress is evident. Bangkok is gradually turning into a "green" city.
Kampala, Uganda. In developing countries, large cities have similar environmental problems, but Kampala managed to overcome them. Like many other capitals, this city is located on seven hills, the surroundings are truly beautiful. However, the authorities are under pressure from poverty and air pollution. Hybrid cars are too expensive for Africa. Many residents of Kampala are from the countryside and are accustomed to earthworks. Local authorities have managed to find a compromise, making agriculture near Kampala not only efficient but also aesthetically pleasing. The city should soon replace inefficient shuttle taxis with high-speed buses, and they plan to start controlling carbon dioxide emissions. So the capital of Uganda is developing in the right, "green" direction.
Austin, Texas, USA. The sun shines very brightly in Texas. It is no coincidence that Austin has become the country's largest solar power generation site. It allows you to meet 20% of the needs of the urban economy. The local energy company, Austin Energy, sets the tone for the state's energy policy. Thanks to her, green initiatives are being introduced in other states. In Austin itself, 15% of the city's territory is given to parks and green spaces. Cyclists have a place to ride - the network of bike paths stretches for 50 kilometers. And all this green splendor is created in a desert state!