Our planet is beautiful because even having studied it to a large extent, a person sometimes finds such beautiful places that it is simply breathtaking. Nature creates unique geological objects, but we can only admire them and do everything possible to protect them from their destructive influence.
Tourists from all over the world go to the most beautiful places, photographs of such objects are placed on posters, covers, screensavers. A volcanic eruption or a meteorite fall can change the usual place beyond recognition, making it fabulous.
Big blue hole. People for the first time realized and saw all the beauty of this place only when they rose above it into the air. In the depths of the sea not far from Belize (a state in South America) there is a perfectly round hole. Its diameter is about 400 meters and its depth is 145 meters. Such a formation differs markedly from the adjacent waters, and as a result, the underwater pit has a deep blue color. Tourists from all over the world come here, who have the opportunity to go down under the water and dive into the Baileys Great Blue Hole. Here, in the clear sea, there are many unique species of fish. Scientists believe that such an unusual geological object was formed billions of years ago. Then the water rose above the level of local caves.
Eye of the Sahara. Many people think that deserts contain nothing but sand. But in the Sahara, in Mauritania, is one of the most unusual geological wonders of the planet. The Richat structure is often called the "Eye of the Sahara". In the middle of the desert there is a certain formation, which in its shape resembles the eye of a bull. The diameter of such a structure is as much as 50 kilometers. The "Eye of the Sahara" is so prominent in the world around it that it is even used by the crews of spaceships to navigate the terrain. At first, scientists believed that such a formation was the result of a meteorite falling here. However, recent theories believe that such creations of nature were formed from soil erosion and uplift of the earth.
Hell Gate. In Turkmenistan there is a city of Darvaza, next to which is the Gates of Hell. No, this is not a path to the Underworld, as the local geological formation is called. There is a large hole in the ground, at the bottom of which there are huge, inexhaustible reserves of combustible gas. When geologists drilled the earth here 35 years ago in search of him, they made a well too deep. As a result, the earth collapsed. People did not dare to go down into the mysterious hole for equipment and gear. And so that the poisonous gas does not come out to the surface, it was set on fire. Since then, a fire has been burning over a hole in the ground, giving this place its name.
Ice Towers of Erebus. Antarctica is also famous for its unique forms. After all, there are practically no people here due to the extreme cold temperatures. There is Mount Erebus here. It is of volcanic origin and is decorated with hundreds of towers. Nature created them from ice. These formations are at a height of 20 meters, and steam is constantly coming from them. When it freezes in the cold, this leads to additional growth of the towers and their expansion. Similar objects with the same growth principle exist on Mars, Jupiter and Pluto, as well as the moons of Saturn. Erebus volcano is still active, being a unique natural site in itself. After all, fire and ice coexist here. The last time the volcano erupted not so long ago - in 1978.
Devilish boulders. This name was given to their local landmark by the Australian aborigines. They also call huge red stones Karl Karla. The boulders are made of red granite, and around them is a beautiful landscape. The diameter of such stones ranges from half a meter to 60 meters across. However, some of them are located in a very unusual way, even balancing on top of each other. Nature created these boulders millions of years ago. Then the molten magma covered the sandstone and cooled. This is how the red granite was made. Time and weather have treated the boulders with erosion, as a result of which we can enjoy the "devil" stones. But if for tourists this place is just a beautiful view, then for the aborigines it carries a special spiritual significance.
Reed Flute Cave. The Guangxi Autonomous Region in China has a unique geological landmark. Someone calls this place the Palace of Natural Art, while others call it the Reed Flute Cave. There are several natural limestone caves here. They are all filled with unique ornate stone formations. They resemble outwardly huge icicles. And the visual effect is formed by additional colored lighting of the caves. This natural beauty is named after the reeds that grow near the caves. It is used to create beautiful-sounding musical flutes. The main cave is 240 meters long, which is enough space to create a unique landscape. People have long noticed this place. There are inscriptions on the walls of the cave from the time of the Tang dynasty. The oldest letters date back to 797 AD.
Uyuni salt flat. In the southwest of Bolivia, there is a unique dried salt lake called the Uyuni salt marsh. This natural wonder is located 3 kilometers above sea level in the Andes. And its area is 10,500 km2, which makes it the largest salt marsh in the world. Here, layers of salt and water have created a unique landscape. In the very middle of the lake, the thickness of the salt layer reaches 10 meters. When it rains here, the entire salt marsh goes under the water, again turning into a large lake. Scientists speculate that this place was formed by the merger of geothermal springs with salt lakes. The salt marsh contains huge reserves of salt - about 10 billion tons. Local residents began to build hotels for tourists from this material. And in November, three species of South American flamingos arrive here at once.
Antelope Canyon. In the southwestern United States, there are many canyons that attract tourists here. But most often they like to be photographed in a place known as Antelope Canyon. This creation of nature is located in the state of Arizona, on the lands of the Navajo Indians. The locals themselves call it "the place where water flows through the stones." The canyon is divided into two separate parts - Upper and Lower. Rainwater flows through this place; over the years, it has licked the rocks and created a curving path for itself. This is how severe floods and erosion of rocks formed Antelope Canyon. Nature has created unique corridors at depth, where the rocks have very bizarre shapes. But the canyon is not always open to visitors - in 2006 this place was closed for six months due to frequent floods.
Chocolate Hills. This geological wonder is located in an area of 50 km2 in the Philippine province of Bohol. Do not rush to look for sweets in the Chocolate Hills, they are not here. They just look like pieces of chocolate. In total, there are 1300 to 1700 of these hills in the valley; they create the most impressive picture during the dry season. Among all the national geological landmarks of the state, Chocolate Hills is the third most important. It is these objects that are placed on the flag of the Bohol province. The hills have a fairly uniform shape, and their height is from 30 to 50 meters. There are many versions of the origin of such an abundance of similar heights. Scientists are inclined to believe that these are traces of a self-destructed once active volcano. But local legends are much more beautiful - the hills are the tears of a giant who lost his beloved.
Stone forest. In Madagascar, there is the Tsinzhi du Bemaraja nature reserve. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is here that a unique geological formation is located - a stone forest. Its area is 666 km2, and it is based on high and highly eroded limestone. Each element of the "forest" is essentially a tower made of such material. Locals warn that sturdy shoes are needed for walking here, because the terrain is quite steep. The stone forest is in perfect harmony with the surrounding nature; some unique species of animals live here, in particular, the white lemur.