The attitude towards the players in society is always biased. Gambling people are not outcasts today.
Today there are more and more people who perceive the game both as a way of entertainment and as an opportunity to quickly earn some cash. Today gambling is popular in many of its forms. So, business people play on stock exchanges. There are now entire poker networks that operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
But the game would not be so attractive if there were no outstanding and authoritative players in its history. They made their name in history books, at one time they were revered as important members of their society. At that time, they knew about them from a completely different side, rather than as gamblers.
John Montague. This famous Englishman lived from 1718 to 1792. Montague was a prominent statesman who held many important military and political positions. In his bad reputation, the politician himself blamed his political opponents and envious people. Montague, who was the fourth Earl of Sandwich, asked his servants to bring him pieces of a ball between two slices of bread. John himself at this time sat for long hours at the card table. This habit became popular among other players, and so the "sandwich" was born. Montague was well educated, graduated from Cambridge and held a number of prominent positions. But in the memory of many, he remained only the creator of a sandwich, which gave him a place on our list. After all, the sandwich appeared thanks to the game! And the Sandwich Islands are named after this player, because it was he who at one time supported Captain Cook's expedition.
John Aspinall. After his parents' divorce, John was sent to study at Oxford. It was there that he became addicted to gambling. This pleased him so much that he chose to skip his final exams, going instead to the final race at the racetrack. In those days in England (mid-20th century) the only way to legally gamble was bookmaking. With his winnings in 1956, Aspinall purchased a dilapidated country mansion near Canterbury. There were 9 hectares of gardens and parks, which were eventually given over to the zoo. Aspinall founded his elite gaming club, which initially included dukes, marquis, earls, and even two ministers. Then a whole network of gambling establishments appeared. Funds from his gambling and casinos allowed Aspinall to create his own zoological private collection. There were rhinos, antelopes, leopards and rare horses. He even developed a special philosophy for treating his pets gently. A whole team of like-minded people and collectors was formed around Aspinall. He himself even sold some jewelry to feed his animals in times of financial difficulties. Aspinall is remembered not only as an avid player who changed this whole English entertainment industry, but also as an authoritative patron of the arts. His love and protection of endangered animal species went down in history.
Michel de Montaigne. Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) was another famous historical character who played a role. Today we know him as a writer and philosopher, and during his lifetime he was better known as a politician. It is Montaigne who is the father of what we today call modern skepticism. The influence of the philosopher turned out to be very great, his views formed the basis of the works of Rene Descartes, Pascal Blaine, Ralph Emerson, and possibly even William Shakespeare. The main work of the writer is his book "Experiments", which laid the foundation for the genre of "essays". There, in particular, one of the essays tells about the writer's passion for gambling - for cards and dice.
Jerome Cardan. This Italian scientist lived during the Renaissance in the years 1501-1576. Cardan is known as a mathematician, physician, and avid gambler. His achievements in algebra brought him fame. However, he also loved to play chess. Cardan even wrote an entire book, The Book of Gambling. For the first time, the question of probabilities of events is considered, in addition there is a whole section on effective methods of deception. Cardan is credited with inventing many other things - a combination lock, a cardan shaft, which is still used in transport. Other researches of the scientist allowed to develop hydrodynamics, he also published two whole encyclopedias of natural science. Cardan firmly believed in astrology, crushing unlucky competitors. According to legend, the scientist calculated his time of death and, in order to confirm the accuracy of the forecast, deliberately starved himself to death.
Rene Descartes. René Descartes was another respected scientist and philosopher, a character from history books and at the same time a gambler. He lived from 1596 to 1650. Initially, Descartes even wanted to pursue a career as a player, rather than be a lawyer or a military man. However, this choice was short-lived, but throughout his life, the scientist continued to gamble. Today Descartes is called the father of modern philosophy. In particular, he owns the statement: "I think, then I exist." Descartes is not only the forerunner of philosophy, he is also considered the progenitor of modern science. At that time, the first exchanges already existed, and the scientist was very interested in playing on them. He also made frequent visits to Paris, where he emptied the pockets of simpletons. Psychology and mathematical calculation helped him in this. From such trips, Descartes always returned rich, and over time even conducted a scientific study of gambling.
Charles II. In 1660, this monarch returned to the throne during the restoration, thus the monarchy in the country was revived again. The king himself lived, constantly playing something. For his temper, Charles was nicknamed "the merry king". During his reign, gambling became the basis of the life of the entire court. As a result, the love of gambling spread not only throughout England, but also spread to North America with the help of colonists. There, Europeans later learned that indigenous peoples have their own gambling.
Casanova, Chevalier de Sengaltes. At the mention of this name, a wild and reckless, irresponsible womanizer and lover usually immediately comes to mind. Meanwhile, Casanova was an outstanding member of European society of his time (late 18th century). Chevalier de Sengaltes was also an avid gambler, lawyer, writer and adventurer. At the age of 21, Casanova set out to become a professional player. However, he later decided to do other things, claiming that he simply did not have the prudence to "stay in an unfavorable environment and control himself in case of winning." Casanova played the lottery, faro, basset, bribe, queens and whist with the nobility and high clergy. This adventurer was also a religious and devout Catholic who believed in the power of his prayers. Casanova's contemporaries considered him an extraordinary person, one of the most outstanding people of his time. Prince Charles de Ligne once stated that Casanova was the most interesting person he has ever met. They said about this player: "Nothing is impossible for him in this world."
Wild Bill Hickok. The nickname itself implies that this man had a wild and reckless disposition. In some respects, this, perhaps, was, it was not for nothing that Hickok received such a nickname. He had a reputation for being an honest man, being a war hero, scout and bailiff. Hickok spent most of his life fighting crime and injustice. But at the same time he was an avid gambler, he was literally a card fanatic, giving particular preference to poker. When he saw that he was being deceived, Bill pulled out his knife and Colt and challenged the swindler to a duel, saying: "Take the bank." Unfortunately, Hickok was killed during one of the poker games. Contrary to his habits, he sat with his back to the entrance, and a group of conspirators killed him with a direct shot in the head, sneaking up unnoticed. Death came instantly. At that time, Bill had a combination of two aces and two eights, which entered the poker dictionary as a "dead man's hand". Hickok is said to have had many enemies, including General James Lane. Bill fought against him, demanding the abolition of slavery in the south of the country.
Fedor Dostoevsky. Of all the players who have gone down in history, Fyodor Dostoevsky was one of the greatest. This writer became one of the most influential in the history of not only Russia, but of all world literature. An avid fan of cards and roulette has created, among other things, two famous novels - "Crime and Punishment" and "The Gambler". According to legend, Dostoevsky was finishing his most famous book on the go in Wiesbaden. The book has already been published, and the writer has already lost the fee for it in the casino. As a result, Dostoevsky managed to settle his gambling debts. In general, he was so fond of gambling that in many ways he drew plots from them for his novels and stories. After all, psychology and risk are a very important part of the game. The success of the novel and the second wife discouraged Dostoevsky from addiction. But he will write about it the novel "The Gambler", being in the zealous Baden-Baden.
Claude Monet. Claude Monet used his winnings to abandon the disgusting messenger job and focus on painting. As a result, he became the founder of French Impressionism. In 1891, the artist won about one hundred thousand francs. This win turned out to be successful not only for himself, but for the whole world. If Claude Monet had not made a bet then, there would not have been several of the greatest works of art in the world.