Intellectual property is especially vulnerable to theft. At the same time, no one is particularly fighting plagiarists, and the current Internet is increasingly reminiscent of a stolen goods store.
By purchasing a unique idea or text, you can be sure that it was already somewhere in one form or another. And in history there are many cases when eminent authors borrow ideas.
The well-known Buratino is a clone of Pinocchio, the idea of Malevich's square came from Archimedes, and how much plagiarism is in modern pop music! At the same time, thanks to plagiarism, the authors accumulate fortunes and fame! You can't remember all such thieves. Nevertheless, the most famous cases of intellectual theft should be told.
Martin Luther King. This world famous preacher, fighter for the equality of people of all skin colors, became a Nobel Prize winner. But few people know that he stole about a third of the material for his 1955 doctoral dissertation in theology. Nine years later, the preacher borrowed his Nobel Prize speech from a sermon by Father Hamilton in Florida. Even Martin Luther King's famous speech “I Have a Dream” is almost entirely a rewrite of the work of Chicago politician Archibald Carey. Nevertheless, other people's words and thoughts allowed King to become a world celebrity. But thanks to such plagiarism, blacks got equality in America.
Osama bin Laden. The most famous terrorist in the world is responsible for 9/11 and the collapse of the World Trade Center towers. Meanwhile, he was also a businessman and a preacher. During his video speeches, Sheikh Osama used the words of Arab authors a lot, passing them off as his own. This is how bin Laden quoted the works of the poet Yusuf Abu Hilal from his collection of Poems of the Time of Oppression, published in 1998. It turned out that the fighter for world justice himself is engaged in outright theft, reciting other people's poems.
Jason Blair. This New York Times journalist's dishonesty has become a benchmark for the profession. Blair became famous for his emotional reporting from the hottest spots on the planet. Imagine the surprise of the public when it became known that the journalist never left the walls of his apartment to write his articles. As a result, more than 40 of Blair's reports were deemed dishonest plagiarism. But the man received considerable fees for his work. Jason was eventually fired from his job with a scandal, but the journalist famous for this case quickly found a new occupation. He now lectures on morality and mental health.
Joe Biden. This politician was the 47th vice president of the United States. But Biden has been repeatedly noted for conflicting statements. Throughout his adult life, he stole other people's texts without a twinge of conscience. Even in the process of training as a lawyer, Biden did not hesitate to cheat from his classmates. In 1972, at the age of 30, he became a senator. In 1988, Biden joined the Presidential race, but he left the race not without a scandal. It turned out that this candidate, in one of his speeches, literally quoted several paragraphs from the speech of the English politician Neil Kinnock. In defense, Biden could only say that he accidentally forgot to mention the author of that quote. The American press notes that since then the politician's forgetfulness in this regard has become simply chronic. Nevertheless, the people forgive this popular statesman.
Barack Obama. This American president was also noticed in plagiarism. In February 2008, a scandal erupted when everyone learned that the politician used the same words in his speech as another black governor, Deval Patrick. But only Obama's friend spoke two years earlier. In response to the accusations, Obama said that he received permission to borrow from Patrick himself. They tried to convince the public that the presidential candidate himself decides what and how to say to him in his speech to the voters.
James Cameron. The four-time Oscar winner for Best Director has achieved much of his success thanks to plagiarism. It turns out that both the planet Pandora and the Liquid Metal Terminator were invented before him. The director himself only embodied other people's ideas. For example, the final morph of Terminator cost $ 6 million, taking 8 months. And the writer William Green came up with such an unusual character for his little-known film "Minotaur", which was released in Australia. The author's trouble was that he gave Cameron an unfinished script to read. When Terminator 2 came out on the big screens, the Australian public was outraged, but who paid attention to it?
Walt Disney Company. Dean from the cartoon characters of this company, the Nemo fish, was invented by the French storyteller Frank de Calvet. He even patented his character Pierrot in 1995. But before the release of the box-office cartoon there were still as many as 8 years. In the end, it turned out that not only the characters turned out to be similar, but their stories themselves. During the court hearings, Disney lawyers somehow managed to prove that de Calvet himself was the plagiarist. However, everyone understood what the truth really was.
Jack London. The famous writer, who praised the brave and brave people, left behind a rich literary heritage. But he lived, albeit roughly, for only 40 years, having died from an overdose of morphine. London was the highest paid author of its era, but not only natural talent was the reason for success, but also the ability to steal. First of all, the writer without a twinge of conscience practiced rewriting - his short stories were based on newspaper articles or the plots were simply acquired in the form of sketches from novice authors. London itself did not hide the fact that he stole the plot of his "Call of the Wild" from the collector of Indian folklore Egerton Young. In general, the writer called his plagiarism the processing of raw material in his characteristic style. Despite all this, the reputation of a literary thief did not affect either the conscience of London itself or its success with readers.
Herbert George Wells. One of the greatest science fiction writers, the creator of the Invisible Man, Lenin and Stalin, was an active socialist. His social and literary activities resembled a continuous conveyor belt. However, inspiration was not always enough, so Wells drew plots from other people's texts. Sometimes he even copied them word for word. It is also good that "War of the Worlds" and "Russia in the Dark" were written by Wells himself. After the writer achieved fame on the basis of literature and philosophy, he decided to take up history. This was quite promising for the readers. Wells decided to revise the manuscript of a certain Florence Dix. This world story has been told from a feminist perspective. Foreseeing possible complications with this, Wells simply threw out the feminine motives, creating a plagiarism called "A Short Course in History." This tinder brought him a lot of money. Miss Deeks tried to sue the famous writer by showing convincing evidence of her authorship. For example, the author copied the date of the founding of the Holy Roman Empire without looking, without bothering to check the error. However, in this case, the English justice authorities sided with the big money. This scandal in English literature has become so loud that no one even remembers the smaller cases of plagiarism by Kipling, Swift and Poe.
Apple. The world famous company did not stay away from such a widespread and so seductive phenomenon. An Apple representative was able to sin in the field of modern advertising technology. It turned out that in their TV commercial about Intel processors for the new Macintosh computers, the storyline and almost all the scenes were taken from the music video of the Postal Service group. Both sides of this misunderstanding blame their directors, who managed to shoot such similar videos. Only now, evil tongues claim that all this is a viral advertisement for both musicians and a new line of products from Apple itself.
Alexander Volkov. Who among us in childhood did not read the fairy tale about "The Wizard of the Emerald City"? However, this story was invented by the American writer Lyman Frank Baum, and it was called "The Wizard of Oz". There the main character was called Dorothy, and her dog was called Toto. For Volkov, the girl became Ellie, and her four-legged friend became Totoshka. Only in the first editions of the book was the real author of the tale mentioned. Volkov himself said that he had only translated and retold that beautiful story. But over time, it was decided to remove these references. The fact is that the attitude of the USSR and the West was minimized, so there was no need to fear accusations of plagiarism. But fans of Volkov's fairy tales are still recommended to familiarize themselves with the original. In addition, the Soviet writer published only 6 books about the magical land, and L.F. Baum wrote 14 of them.