Despite the fact that Pakistan is a young people, it has a very ancient history. Here, a very diverse and distinctive Buddhist, Islamic and Hindu traditions, elements of social and cultural organization, whose origins date back more than five thousand years, are mixed together.
Most of the Pakistani people profess Islam, which plays a major role in the political and public life of the country. In fact, the traditions of Muslims permeate the entire life of a Pakistani from birth to death, which is mainly reflected in the behavior and traditions of the people. Even state laws are built on the basis of Sharia, and the Koran is the fundamental point of all existing social relations.
The education system is based on dominant Islamic values, where theology is in turn the main discipline along with languages and academic subjects. There are many specialized schools in huge cities and large settlements, but you can enter them only after completing high school.
Quite close to Hindi, Urdu, which is the official Pakistani language, but Punjabi, Hindi, Pashto, Balochi, Farsi, Covenant and other Eastern languages are widely used in everyday life. More than 20% of the population in large cities understands English, and these are, first of all, very literate and educated social strata of citizens.
But in a distant province, English is almost never used, but all road signs and signs are usually duplicated in it. Also, English is used in tourism, international trade, government and business correspondence.
Pakistanis are a religious people. Everywhere you can see people praying, some drivers of minibuses and buses stop right on their route, get off the transport and, along with all the passengers, perform namaz (prayer).
Pakistanis know how to meet and receive a guest if their house does not shine with prosperity. With all this, in contrast to their huge number in the nearby region, the Pakistanis are quite friendly to all foreign citizens without exception.
Pakistanis are very kind to those who do not violate their customs and traditions, but are sympathetic to other people's mistakes, as a result of which it is quite easy to observe all decency here.
To refuse an invitation or make an offer to contribute to a banquet that is not planned is not desirable - it will be easier to offer to present small gifts to the owners of the house - sweets, flowers, souvenirs or tobacco, but not alcohol.
Respect for elders is very important in local culture and etiquette. The oldest man is consulted on every serious issue that directly concerns family interests, and the opinion of the elder is taken into account on an equal basis with such respected and revered people as a qadi or a mullah.
Older people tend to live with their adult children and enjoy the strongest authority, both women and men. It is imperative that the whole family celebrates all important events, often this happens with all friends and relatives, and in accordance with the traditions of the etiquette of the holiday, and, which is very important, it is determined by the elders.
All marriages, as a rule, are arranged by kinship or within one clan, that is, a community. Children in Pakistani families are considered gifts of Allah himself, and therefore the most reverent attitude is applied to them (but sons are pampered much more than daughters, since the latter, when married, require a huge dowry, which in turn makes parents go into debt for a long time ).
In local society, the position of all women is very unique. On the one hand, Pakistan is one of the most "Europeanized" countries in the Islamic world, where a huge number of women simply have broad access to education and social activities, as well as to politics.
But within the community or family, the status of a woman is determined by all the values and traditions of Islam, which, in this regard, are at the highest level and have extraordinary strength.
In many areas in southern Pakistan, where the influence of Hinduism is quite strong, the situation of all women is completely the same as in the countries of Southeast Asia, and at the same time, in the north-western provinces and mountainous regions, the norms are very strict.
The burqa is a very rare wardrobe item in Pakistan. A huge veil called "veil" is used only for visiting mosques and other places of worship. Both women and men wear "salwar-kameez" - this is a national dress, which is loose trousers gathered at the waist and ankles combined with a very long shirt, but clothes for Pakistani women are more colorful and must be complemented by all kinds of shawls and very long scarves.
Moreover, in each individual Pakistani province, "shalwar-kameez" has its own characteristics: in the north-west of the country, they mainly wear a "tailcoat" (a fitted long dress and a rather wide skirt-trousers), in Baluchistan, "salwar" is much longer and wider, in Instead of "shalwar", Sinde uses a rather wide version of the skirt, and the shirt has a short sleeve.
In the Punjab, instead of salwar, men usually wear a dhoti skirt, a pugri turban, and split-cut jackets, while women wear a lungi cape that resembles a sarong. On holidays, women mainly wear a multi-colored sari, and men complement their clothes with a beautifully embroidered vest and a turban, or wear European-style clothes.
Women give special attention to jewelry, and first of all churiya bracelets (for unmarried girls, bracelets are made of glass or plastic, while for married girls they are gold, and their quality, quantity and shape can indicate the degree of their mistress's wealth), pendants " nat "and rings, as well as massive jumke earrings. The national footwear of Pakistan is "khusa" - natural leather shoes with a bent toe.
Smoking is prohibited in most public places, so it is very polite to ask permission before lighting a cigarette in front of other people. But at the same time, Pakistanis themselves smoke a lot, but they try to do it outside the limits of public opinion.