All the inhabitants of Qatar, under the close protection of the British authorities, fought for their independence for a long period of time. Since the British companies, from the time they found oil in Qatar, have been trading it on an ongoing basis, but did not want to share the profits. And only after the end of the Second World War, national self-realization and the consciousness of all residents of Qatar stood out in the liberation movement.
In all likelihood, if there were no wide-ranging divisions at the heart of this movement, the people of Qatar would have achieved the final victory in this so-called "battle" for survival much earlier. But Qatar achieved its final independence only in 1971.
In just a short period of time, having bought all the oil companies from Great Britain, Qatar has become quite a very rich country. Thanks to revenues of billions of US dollars alone, modern neighborhoods were built in Doha, the capital of Qatar, and air conditioners were installed in every existing apartment.
In Qatar, women also feel much freer compared to neighboring Arab countries - they are not only allowed to drive a car, but also to engage in public social activities. For example, the wife of the richest sheikh in Qatar, Moza Nasser al-Misnad, is quite actively breaking all the stereotypes of Europeans about what a real Eastern woman should really be.
She became UNESCO's Special State Envoy for Primary, Secondary and Higher Education. She also created a TV channel exclusively for children, called "Al Jazeera for Children".
Until the mid-twentieth century, all local residents of Qatar were mainly engaged in pearl mining, cattle breeding and fishing. The point that became a turning point in the development and prosperity of the state of Qatar was the direct discovery of oil fields in 1939.
Since the beginning of oil exports to other countries of the world in 1949, the country has experienced significant economic growth, and also global changes in both the cultural and social life of the country are taking place on a permanent basis. Today, 90 percent of the total population in Qatar lives in small towns and works directly in the oil industry.
The government invests practically all income from oil exports to other countries in the direct development of other industries. Availability of vacancies and rather high wages attract a huge number of workers to Qatar from other nearby Arab countries.
Due to the fact that in Qatar there was a significant increase in the living standards of local residents, this led to an increase in the population of the state from 30 thousand in 1950 to 700 thousand today, which in turn immediately led to the development of various educational systems (which at all stages is completely free), as well as health systems, and made Qatar one of the absolute leaders in the Arab world in terms of living standards.
The fundamental of all state policy in Qatar is the development of a fairly free economy with the already guaranteed rights of the entire population to labor, capital and private property.
All Qatari citizens enjoy free health care and education. Wells and springs, as a rule, served as sources of water for drinking in Qatar, but in our modern times, quite large factories have been built in the country to purify sea water from salt.
Fresh water is piped to homes and is also used to irrigate fields and meadows. The government on a permanent basis helps all farmers to increase the yields of fruits, vegetables, and cereals, while fully providing them with fertilizers, pesticides and seeds.
The main income of the country, as we said earlier, is the export to other countries of oil and oil products, as well as steel and liquefied gas. But today, the tourism industry has begun to develop quite actively - it is here that billions of dollars are invested to build luxury hotels, and wonderful entertainment centers, a magnificent new airport, "the most sufficient towns" in which all the most necessary for tourists will exist, including sports facilities for international tournaments.
Qatar plans to turn its country into a tourist Mecca - and it is for this that the visa regime has been significantly simplified, the taboo on the sale of alcoholic beverages has been lifted, and very favorable conditions have been created for the development of a normal tourism business by all foreign entrepreneurs. And this can even more significantly raise the country to a high level, and enrich all the indigenous people even more.
All this was done for several reasons. Despite the fact that the gas reserves in Qatar will be enough for a long time, the oil reserves are still depleted, and its production may stop in about fifteen years, and also having a rich history, Qatar is not able to boast of a huge number of historical monuments and ancient structures. Therefore, a plan was invented for the arrangement of the tourism business.