Thanks to scientists, medicine, physics, chemistry and even alchemy have developed over the centuries with other, not entirely traditional sciences. However, every coin has two sides.
In this case, it is worth talking about those brilliant scientists who, with their work, have brought harm to mankind more than good. We will tell below about the most dangerous scientists in the history of civilization.
Paracelsus (1493-1541). Paracelsus's contribution to medicine, in particular toxicology, was quite significant. It is surprising that the scientist relied heavily on astronomy for his endeavors. Paracelsus was able to give society many useful advanced ideas. But the other side of his work is not so well known. It turns out that the scientist was confident that he could create homunculi. These creatures half a meter tall, similar to golems, according to the plan of Paracelsus, would carry out his orders. The scientist was so preoccupied with the issue of creating artificial assistants for himself that he did not hesitate to use human hair and sperm in his experiments. It is scary to imagine what would have happened if Paracelsus had somehow achieved his goal.
Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967). This talented nuclear physicist was at the head of the so-called Manhattan Project. This group of scientists was developing the atomic bomb. Robert himself said that he is a member of almost all communist organizations in America. In his opinion, he himself was associated with the "red" movement in this country. It was said about Oppenheimer that he was independent, not subject to the head office. The scientist tried intellectually and even physically to be present when solving any issues. It could be found both in the laboratory and in the meeting room where new ideas were generated. Oppenheimer himself did not make many suggestions, but his presence was felt to any scientist. Robert was able to create a unique atmosphere of enthusiasm that was present among all members of his team. Only now the result of Oppenheimer's work was a terrifying weapon. And his communist views still made it possible to create that technological monster that split the world into two camps - Soviet and Western.
Alfred Nobel (1833-1897). This man is known not only for the award of his name. It was Nobel who "gave" dynamite to the world, having invented to use nitroglycerin in its creation. Thus, the serial production of lethal explosives began. At the same time, the development of a new substance even led to the death of Nobel's brother, Emil, as well as several workers. This happened due to an accident at the plant - a strong explosion destroyed the building to the ground. Dynamite was planned to be used for peaceful purposes, in the development of mines. But this tool was quickly adopted by the military. As a result, hundreds of thousands of people soon became victims of dynamite. Nobel's enterprises and his inventions brought him fabulous wealth. Tormented by remorse, he created a prize that was supposed to move people on the path of peace. This was largely due to an obituary mistakenly printed in the newspaper. Nobel read that he was called the "merchant of death."
Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976). The works of this scientist did not entail mass deaths of people, but he can be considered the evil genius of Soviet science. The fact is that Lysenko's delusions led to the fact that the USSR lagged behind Western competitors for decades in certain areas of research. Trofim Lysenko held the post of the Institute of Genetics, his main specialization was agricultural research. The personal qualities of the scientists were such that he was used to reporting to the authorities only about the success of his work. The results of Lysenko's research were based on scant data, inaccurate observations. The control group was not used at all. Lysenko, with the connivance of the authorities, abused science so much as no one else did. He himself said: “In order to get a certain result, you must want to get this very result. If you want to get a specific result, you get it. I only need those people who will get the results that I need. ”As a result, many talented scientists who disagreed with Lysenko's erroneous line simply disappeared in the Stalinist camps.
Jacob Kevorkian (1928-2011). This scientist became famous for his public speeches for the possibility of legalizing euthanasia. Kevorkian himself claims that he helped pass at least 130 people. In 1999, he went to jail, where he served 8 years. The reason for this was second-degree murder. Kevorkian was found guilty of poisoning Thomas Yucca. When sentencing, the judge said that Jacob had no right to practice medicine at all, because his license expired 8 years ago. Nevertheless, Kevorkian had the courage to come to television and talk about his deed. The video recording of the murder was generally freely available. But regardless of views on euthanasia, any doctor takes an oath to save lives, not take them away. The press dubbed Kevorkian "Doctor Death".
Tuskegee's research. For a long time, these secret studies were silent. As it turned out, from 1932 to 1972, for as long as 40 years, the US health organization conducted an experiment on living people. It was attended by 600 poor and illiterate black men from the town of Tuskegee who were in the final stages of syphilis. At the same time, many of them did not have this disease at the time of the beginning of the research. The essence of the experiments was that the authorities collected information about the course of the disease, which is not treated at all. At the same time, the researchers knew that the bulk of the information would come to them only after the autopsy. Therefore, significant efforts were made to ensure that the subjects did not receive medical attention anywhere else. When the public learned about the program in 1972, it was quickly shut down. It was tempting to write off this attitude towards people as racism, but it made no sense. After all, many of the scientists who took part in the research were also black.
Johann Konrad Dippel (1673-1734). This scientist was born in Frankenstein's castle, they say that it was he who served as the prototype for the famous hero Dr. Shelley. This is already difficult to prove, but the fact that he practiced vivisection, or vivisection, is a fact. Dippel conducted experiments with nitroglycerin, which caused the destruction of the entire tower. But along with this, the scientist was able to discover the healing properties of this dangerous substance. There were dire rumors at the time that gruesome experiments were being performed on human corpses in the tower. The details of those experiments on the transfer of the soul from one body to another remained hidden by the veil of time. It is curious that Dippel developed the main component of the "Berlin glaze". This blue dye could now be obtained fairly cheaply. Even today, artists use it, and this paint used to be quite expensive.
Sigmund Ruscher (1909-1945). A scientist who collaborated with the Nazis during World War II cannot remain with an unblemished reputation. Rusher actively showed himself working in the Nazi concentration camps. It was this scientist who was engaged in the infamous experiments on hypothermia in the Dachau concentration camp. People were kept naked in the snow or dipped in icy water. Rascher also selected three hundred people each and forcibly kept them in pressure chambers, in the highlands. Low pressure killed or disabled people. The prisoners were also specially infected with malaria, and medical experiments were also carried out on them. It was Rascher who became the man who developed the cyanide capsules. Having figured them out, accidentally or deliberately, one could commit suicide. This is how Himmler, the friend and patron of the scientist, eventually passed away.
Josef Mengele (1911-1979). This scientist received the nickname "Angel of Death". Mengele was wounded on the Eastern Front and was declared unfit for military service. His further work was associated with concentration camps. Mengele conducted his inhuman experiments on prisoners, personally selecting them directly from the new arrivals. The doctor dissected live babies, castrated men without anesthesia, shocked people, studying their endurance. One day, Mengele sterilized a group of women by X-ray irradiation. The twins were of particular interest to the doctor. In his experiments, only a tenth of the tested couples survived. The doctor tried chemical solutions to change the color of the eyes, he amputated organs and stitched people together. Several times Mengele simply killed his test subjects in order to study the corpses later. The German was motivated by an interest in science, but the methods for achieving goals were the most brutal.
Shiro Ishii (1892-1959). This microbiologist also held the high post of lieutenant general in the Japanese army. Ishii was in command of the secret 731 biological department. And the future villain studied medicine at the Imperial University in Kyoto. Already in 1932, Ishii began to develop biological weapons, this secret project was carried out by the Japanese army. In 1936, the infamous unit 731 was born. For its work, Ishii created a whole complex on an area of 6 square kilometers, and it is located near the Chinese city of Harbin. In order to achieve scientific goals, Ishii cut people alive, including pregnant women, he amputated limbs and tried to engraft them on other parts of the body. Directly on a living person, the doctor froze body parts, then studying the result of gangrene. With the help of people, new types of weapons, grenades and flamethrowers were tested. Under the guise of vaccinations, the Japanese infect people with various diseases. To study the course of sexually transmitted diseases, men and women were deliberately raped, infecting with gonorrhea and syphilis. Unfortunately, Ishii was able to gain immunity from the Americans at the end of the war. The cruel doctor never got to prison, dying free from throat cancer at the age of 67.