Alcohol is an indispensable companion for relaxation. Among the countries where alcohol is held in high esteem are France and Ireland. It turns out that harsh Finns love to get drunk to the point of feeling insensible, but Italians are much more restrained in this regard.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development tried to answer the question about the most drinking country. According to the results of her research, 10 countries were identified, whose citizens beat all records for alcohol consumption. They drink there not because of a feeling of thirst or a solemn occasion, for this and a reason is not needed. The criterion for determining the leaders is simple - the number of liters per year of alcohol consumed per capita.
It is interesting that testing was carried out in countries around the world, but the first 15 places belong to European states, the only exception was distant Australia. It is also worth considering the existence of a drinking culture and a propensity to binge. This largely determines the nation's predisposition to alcoholism. So, where do they drink the most, at meetings, holidays, at meals and just like that?
France (consumption of pure alcohol - 14.2 liters per year per person). Only one beer in the country is drunk annually per capita 35.5 liters. The image of a Frenchman is quite traditional - these people slowly sip wine, enjoying every sip. In America, the French are considered saturated snobs, but even there they cannot deny the fact that the "frogs" have such an excellent taste. In this country, in addition to wine, they are well versed in food. In general, in France, exquisite wine goes hand in hand with delicious food, these two concepts are inseparable here, like a baguette and brie cheese. It can be said more simply - rarely when a meal is not accompanied by wine. Interestingly, cheeses, pastries and fatty sauces are considered national products in France, but the inhabitants of the country rarely suffer from obesity and heart disease. The reason for this is the food culture. In the same America, people usually eat quickly, spending a minimum of time on it, as if participating in some kind of competition. The French, on the other hand, eat slowly, trying to fully taste the food they swallow. It is customary here to sit in front of the TV after work, enjoying a multi-course dinner, wine and a cigarette. Also, the French are very talkative, they do not stop communicating even over food and drink. Thus, even a certain ritual was formed. There are quite a few favorite spirits in France - Bordeaux, Burgundy, champagne, Beaujolais, and the list is truly endless.
Italy (consumption of pure alcohol - 8 liters per year per person). Italy is one of those countries where wine is not only drunk, but also mass-produced. As in the previous case, wine is an indispensable part of Italian food culture. In this country, the grape drink is enjoyed with pleasure during meals and even children are allowed to do this, diluting only strong degrees. Italians even encourage their descendants in their addiction to a truly national drink. And you can understand the strong connection between food and wine only by looking at the local groves - here the vine is adjacent to the olive trees. The US Department of Commerce in 2007 calculated that most of the vermouth and table wine in the country is imported from Italy. The statistics took into account the most diverse varieties of famous wines. The increase in exports was a consequence of the increased demand for Italian wines, all of which improved the quality of alcoholic beverages created in the European country. For example, in the Chianti region, they are not chasing the quantity of wine produced, but paying special attention to its quality. This area is famous for the production of spirits exclusively from red Sangiovese grapes. The variety is considered the most refined, and therefore expensive in the whole country. But in the recent past, Chianti was an ordinary red wine to which white was added. The pride of Italy is such an alcoholic drink as grappa. It is made from grape pomace under a number of strict conditions. The quality of the final product is influenced by the ripeness of the berries, the method and nature of wine production.
Czech Republic (consumption of pure alcohol - 11.8 liters per person per year). But beer in the country accounts for 157 liters per person per year. And this is no coincidence, because in the Czech Republic the traditions of beer brewing and consumption of a foamy drink are centuries old. And since the 1930s, local beer has become known and popular all over the world. The very process of producing the drink is original here. Beer pasteurization is not carried out, open fermentors are used. After the Velvet Revolution in the country, corporations significantly increased their production volumes, which affected the quality. But all the same Czech "lager" and "pilsner" are considered classics of beer varieties. Any guest who has visited this country is simply obliged to try draft beer in one of the many pubs. Take U Fleku - the famous brewery restaurant that has existed in Prague for over 500 years! In such an institution, you can feel the real Czech Republic, get acquainted with its cuisine and, of course, beer. Lager or pilsner beer is a classic of the alcoholic genre in this country. Light, dark, banana, coffee - the variety spreads your eyes.
Germany (consumption of pure alcohol - 10.8 liters per year per person). And in this country, much attention is paid to beer - they consume an average of 117 liters per year per person. Is it any wonder, knowing that such a drink is not much more expensive than plain water? Germany is known for its liberality, so spirits are sold here everywhere - in newsagents, small shops and even at gas stations. The country is famous for the fact that it is allowed to drink alcohol in public places. This alone puts her in the highest place in the ranking of drinkers. So no one will pay attention if you open a bottle of beer at a bus stop or in a park. In general, the Germans are very fond of arranging barbecues in nature, and an abundant amount of food will certainly be washed down with an alcoholic foamy drink. National festivals are dedicated to beer, attracting thousands of guests. The most famous of these is Oktoberfest. It is held annually in Munich, the capital of Bavaria. The beer festival lasts for 16 whole days in October. This is how the harvest is celebrated. At the same time, the Germans eat their traditional sausages, eat sauerkraut, sing national songs and drink rivers of beer. Even mugs here are used in liter volume, immediately making it clear that no one intends to cheat. In Germany, there are several varieties of wheat beer popular outside the country - Weizen, Weizenbock, Berliner Weisse and Leipziger Gose.
Denmark (consumption of pure alcohol - 11.5 liters per year per person). A lot of beer is also consumed in this country - 90 liters per month per person. The country is generally quite loyal to the use of alcohol - about 96% of Danes over 14 years old openly drink. Unsurprisingly, this small country has unexpectedly become one of the leaders in drinking alcohol. Such statistics are quite frightening, it says that in Denmark, as in other European countries, the attitude towards drunkenness is rather calm. In addition, alcohol is cheap relative to Scandinavia in this country, so numerous Swedes come here for a drink. Denmark has many different types of drinking establishments, connoisseurs will love the traditional wine bars vinstues, and those who want to save money will have to visit vaertshus. These smoky dens are also poorly lit and full of suspicious characters. French-style cafes feature bodegas, while kaffebars taverns offer coarse fatty foods and booze straight from your throat. The most famous Danish beers are Tuborg, Carlsberg and Lager.
Australia (consumption of pure alcohol - 9.8 liters per year per person). It is also worth considering about 110 liters of beer drunk per year per person. This country is the only one that does not represent Europe on this list. And the thing is that in the era when Western Australia was just being conquered, this huge mainland, which was a British colony, used strong rum as one of the types of currency. Is it any wonder that the inhabitants of the colony were almost constantly in a state of drinking? Friendly drinking and drunkenness were considered quite commonplace here. Since then, in Australia it has been considered simply indecent to drink alone. The residents themselves are constantly looking for someone to share a drink with. Until the 1970s, Australia was generally among the leaders, competing in alcohol consumption with Ireland and Germany. But since then, the hobby for drinking has gradually lost its vogue. But there is still a tradition of ordering a drink to everyone present in the bar, you just have to wait until one of the visitors is drunk to the point of feeling insensible. This ritual makes Australia one of the most drinkers. One of the most famous alcoholic beverages in the country is wine made from the Shiraz grape variety ”. The berry has taken root well on the mainland, they say that the taste of the drink from it is rich and bright, which is impossible not to appreciate gourmets.
Russia (consumption of pure alcohol - 9.29 liters per year per person). The word "vodka" has become one of the synonyms of our country. We have invented this legendary alcoholic beverage. Vodka allows you to quickly get drunk until you lose consciousness, which is what Russians often do. It will be easy to get away from reality in an alcoholic intoxication, but what to do with a terrible hangover? Russia is not a country that pays attention to fine alcoholic cocktails. Popular in Europe, the Martini is just an overseas curiosity. And why experiment when there is a proven national product? And it's not just about patriotism, but about the fact that vodka is a really cool alcohol. In Russia, it is consumed in its pure form, without additives in the form of soda, as in the West. The most zealous experimenters even add vodka to beer or wash it down with this foamy drink. It is hard for sophisticated connoisseurs of Russian drinking to understand, but such cocktails are quite common here. No wonder they say in Russia - "Vodka without beer - money down the drain." Vodka is usually served chilled, in small glasses, and drunk in one gulp.
England (consumption of pure alcohol - 10.4 liters per year per person). Another 99 liters a year are drunk here in the form of beer. When the British start drinking, they no longer feel the measure. Light or dark beer, ale, porter, whiskey flow like a river. Keeping up with the European Union, the country adopted a law according to which alcohol is allowed to be consumed around the clock. And even before the adoption of such a resolution, the British did not really restrain themselves. Now it has become possible to drink beer at least at breakfast. The fact that drinking is a special passion for England is evidenced by the increase in the number of diseases associated with alcohol use over the past 10 years. And where without the classic cirrhosis of the liver? There was a time when almost all English pubs closed at 11pm. This fact provided rather low rates of alcohol consumption. But today, nothing prevents drunkards from hanging around the clock with a bottle in such establishments. The break is just for sleep. It is believed that warm beer is loved in England. In fact, it cools here, as elsewhere. It's just that in America the drink is generally served icy. Among the favorites in England are ale and light bitter beer, drunk from simple half-liter glass mugs.
Finland (consumption of pure alcohol - 9.9 liters per person per year). Living in this northern country isn't all that fun. In winter it is cold, dark and boring. The air temperature drops to minus 30, and the night gives up its power to the day for only a few hours. Is it easy to keep from drinking in such conditions? So the Finns, it seems, drink to forget and not notice the cold. In Scandinavia in 2005, a study was conducted, which showed that alcoholism is the main cause of death in these countries. Drinking has killed more people between the ages of 15 and 64 than cancer or cardiovascular disease. The drinking tradition in Finland is so entrenched that the prohibitions of the authorities are perplexed. During the "dry law" period, the country even had its own hero, a resident of Helsinki Algot Niska (1888-1954), nicknamed "the king of smugglers." All his exploits were carried out on the basis of illegal import of alcohol into the country, which the grateful Finns could not appreciate. The most favorite spirits in the country are Guinness vodka and beer. Strong alcoholic drinks are in vogue, as in Russia. In addition, there are many Irish pubs in the country where you can taste real Guinness.
Ireland (consumption of pure alcohol - 14.2 liters per year per person). Another 131 liters per person is drunk in the country of beer. Sometimes it seems that a sober Irishman is nonsense. In the country, drunkenness has long become commonplace. The Irish's drinking endurance is best seen at the St. Patrick's Day parade. Research by London Press Associated has shown that about 48% of Irish people drink alcohol at least once a week. For comparison, in England this figure is 40%, and in France - 9%. Over time, beer was able to become an integral part of the life of the island, now being mentioned in all stories about it. The most famous brand, the pride of Ireland, is Guinness. This beer is a legend, a symbol of St. Patrick's Day, the patron saint of Ireland. On this day, the slogan “Kiss me, I am Irish” sounds throughout the country, and all residents wear green clothes. Not surprisingly, in other countries, Ireland appears to be the land of the Celts, where they drink non-stop. That is why this country takes first place in our rating. And apart from Guinness beer, the famous Harp beer is also worth noting. And how can you forget about Irish whiskey, known since the XII century?