Our planet has a rich fauna. That is why you should talk about the most dangerous animal creatures on the planet.
African elephant. Who is the real king of the jungle? Not a lion at all. In fact, this is an elephant - a strong and powerful beast, the largest of all living on land. A seemingly harmless herbivore does not even have a single natural enemy, although man successfully plays this role. Elephants seem harmless to us, but such an acquaintance usually occurs in a zoo or in a circus. In the wild, however, this animal is deadly to anyone who approaches it closer than half a kilometer away. However, do not think that the elephant will certainly attack anyone who is close. A large animal will carefully observe a moving object without attacking. But if the elephant feels a threat, then he immediately enters the fray. In addition, these giants have excellent eyesight, hearing and smell, which allows them to see their enemy in advance. Adults can sense odors up to 1600 meters. And the size of the elephants does not prevent them from being excellent runners. They can accelerate to a speed of 40 km / h, keeping it at a distance of up to 100 meters.
If one of the representatives in the herd falls ill or is injured, then his other relatives will be near him until he recovers or dies. Poachers make good use of this situation. As a result, the elephant is one of the five most desirable animals for hunters on the Black Continent. At the same time, some authorities even issue official permission to kill a large animal. Such a trophy will cost a hunter 50 thousand dollars. True, permission is given to kill the old elephant, which will soon die a natural death. And the proceeds will go to the nature conservation fund.
In general, the amazing strength and power of elephants has been known to man for a long time. That is why large animals were used even in military operations. But don't assume that elephants are just a pile of muscles. They are very intelligent creatures whose brains weigh as much as 5 kilograms. The level of development of elephants is comparable even to some primates. And hyperagression in these animals occurs during the mating period. During mating season, they produce 60 times more testosterone than usual, which makes males extremely irritable. In addition, there is also a struggle for primacy between individuals. Males are already in a bad mood, and they still need to prove their right to mate. As a result, elephants injure each other. At such a time, it is better not to get in the way of the herd. There are cases when angry elephants trampled to death hunters and safari participants.
African lion. The danger of this beast lies in its agility, strength and speed. Although the tiger is on average and larger than a lion, it is this creature that is called the king of beasts. This is the smartest feline, the only one that hunts in the pack. Such collectivism allows lions to kill prey that are many times larger than themselves. Once the victim is assigned, the lions wait in ambush for the right moment. Predators quickly attack their prey, while trying to quickly knock it down. This avoids a long chase.
The lion's weight averages 180 kg, ranging from 150 to 250 kg. It seems that such a mass does not allow the predator to move quickly. However, when hunting, lions can cover 100-meter distances at speeds up to 80 km / h. These cats can jump over 12-meter precipices, jumping up to a height of 4 meters. There were cases when males jumped over a high fence even with heavy prey in their teeth.
The main enemy of the lions is the hyena. The relationship between animals is quite complex, saturated with hostility, and even hatred. When fighting for prey, both single and group skirmishes can occur. Although in cartoons and children's fairy tales, the lion appears as a kind and just king of beasts, in life everything is not at all like that. This predator is very dangerous, including for humans. There are cases when whole lion prides attacked jeep safaris with tourists. Sly animals even bit through the tires of cars to immobilize them. The man figured out how to protect himself from aggressive lions. The guides include audio recordings of elephants, scaring off big cats.
In history, there are many testimonies of man-eating lions. Although lion hunting is prohibited, it is permitted to kill these monsters. The most famous murders took place in 1898 in Kenya. There, from March to December, bloodthirsty lions killed 135 railroad employees. At the same time, the animals were huge, more than 3 meters long. It took 8 shots from a Lee-Enfield rifle to kill them.
Jellyfish "sea wasp". This is the most poisonous creature living in the sea. Most of our planet is hidden by water. Many deadly creatures also lurk in the depths of the sea. Marine life began three billion years ago, becoming home to many animals, including those that are fatal to humans. One of these enemies is the Chironex fleckeri jellyfish, or sea wasp.
Its weight fluctuates around 2 kilograms. The dimensions of the jellyfish's dome are comparable to those of a basketball. The length of 15 tentacles reaches 3 meters. The size of the creature is not particularly dangerous, and in fact its poison is enough to kill 60 people. The dangerous substance is concentrated in the tentacles. Any slightest touch to the skin of a person or other creature immediately leads to a severe burn. Jellyfish secretes a substance that has three types of effects on the body at once - the skin is destroyed, the nervous system is paralyzed and the heart stops. The hug of the "sea wasp" kills a person in 3 minutes, that is how much it takes for the heart to stop beating.
At night, the jellyfish rests, hiding on the seabed. During the day, she goes hunting, watching for small fish and shrimps. Interestingly, turtles are not afraid of dangerous creatures. After all, those have such a dense shell that the poisonous tentacles simply do not work. And for the turtles themselves, jelly-like creatures are a delicacy.
I must say that the jellyfish is a mortal danger for the victim if someone gets entangled in its tentacles. This is not so difficult, since the dome itself, like the tentacles in the water column, are hardly noticeable. Having escaped from the deadly embrace, the victim has every chance to survive. People who have suffered a jellyfish sting say that the pain from a burn is simply unbearable. Rescuers even say that in case of significant contact with a jellyfish limb, it is easier to cut it off than endure hellish pain. And you can meet "sea wasps" along the northern coast of Australia, in Malaysia and the Philippines. Since 1884, this jellyfish has killed over 70 people, mostly from Australia.
The inland taipan. This creature is the most venomous on the planet. The inland taipan is also called the cruel snake. It should not be confused with its sibling, the coastal taipan. The most dangerous snake in the world has poison, 180 times stronger than the poison of a cobra. Only 44 mg of this substance is enough to kill 100 people or 250 thousand mice. The inland taipan lives in central Australia, in eastern Queensland. Outwardly, the snake is not very large, adults on average reach a size of 1.9 meters. Moreover, the maximum record for this creature is 2.5 meters. These snakes, unlike their coastal human counterparts, are shunned and do not attack first. Snakes prefer to live in old abandoned burrows or deep cracks. The victims of the dangerous taipan turned out to be such by accident, simply by touching them inadvertently. The number of deaths associated with this snake is small. She lives in remote places where there are no large factories or settlements. And the taipan feeds on small rodents. To make them die faster, the hunter stings his prey several times. Taipan does not wait for the painful death of his prey, finishing it off immediately.
On average, a snake injects 44 milligrams of venom during a bite, although the lethal dose is 30 micrograms per kilogram of body weight. As a result, one bite of a dangerous snake can kill a victim weighing up to 1.5 tons. By the name of the creature itself, his poison was named Taipoxin. It is one of the most potent toxins known to scientists. Acting on the body, it destroys the connections between the brain and muscles, which results in paralysis. Due to the failure of the muscles of the respiratory system, they stop working, and suffocation occurs. Antivenom is effective if administered within minutes of a dangerous bite. Herpetologists believe that if it were not for its poison, the taipan could become an excellent pet in home terrariums. This is facilitated by the non-aggressive nature of the snake.
Person. A person knows how to show literally the same animal anger, becoming the main enemy of his own kind. You can verify this even by simply reviewing history. People have unleashed numerous wars that led to disasters in the economy, social sphere and ecology. The result of all this was numerous human casualties. Even a unique profession appeared - the military. These people actually figure out how best to destroy their own kind. And we pay for it by actually endorsing mass and targeted killings.
Humanity has learned to cover up its bloody activities with high-flown words. They talk about fulfilling orders, about justifying murder, and neutralizing the enemy. But the fact remains that man is the only living being that is capable of revenge, hate, and show sadism.
The saddest thing is that many of the deadly human tools were invented for quite peaceful purposes. Chinese alchemists accidentally invented gunpowder in an effort to find the secret to longevity. The unusual powder was originally used for entertainment, creating fireworks, but then people learned to kill with gunpowder. When the Wright brothers came up with their plane, they clearly did not do it in order to make their way into the territory of other countries and shoot people there. Nobody even imagined the possibility of transferring the war to the sky. Tesla's scientific developments formed the basis for the creation of the "Death Rays", and Einstein's developments served as the source for the creation of the atomic bomb.
Of course, in the history of mankind there was also a place for truly peace-loving representatives - Jesus, Indira Gandhi, Martin Luther King. But the power of their words each time turned out to be not enough to stop the people-killers, who continue to destroy all living things in their path.
Mosquitoes. These mosquitoes kill quite a few people. Although they are tiny in size, their harmlessness is deceiving. Indeed, among all the small insects, it is mosquitoes that take away the largest number of human lives. The mosquito is not dangerous until the moment of its bite, so that a vigilant person can manage to destroy his potential killer.
The danger of mosquito bites lies in the possibility of contracting some kind of infection. The fact is that mosquitoes carry many dangerous and even fatal diseases. This is malaria, various fevers. West Nile virus, lymphatic filariasis, tularemia. Malaria occupies a special place in this list. This is one of the most dangerous diseases carried by such insects. Even with timely treatment, about 20% of sick people die.
Mosquitoes don't just kill by transmitting infections. In the south of the Sahara and in the hinterland of Australia, seasonal flooding occurs. There are excellent conditions for reproduction and growth of large numbers of mosquitoes. As a result, up to a billion individuals unite in terrible flocks. A huge swarm of mosquitoes attacks cows and camels, insects literally suck out all the blood from the unfortunate animal in just 10 minutes.
Sharks. This killing machine is one of the finest ever made by nature. As already mentioned, the depths of the ocean are home to many dangerous creatures. Even against the background of poisonous and toothed organisms, the shark clearly stands out. This predator has no natural enemies, except, perhaps, its own larger counterparts. Curiously, the largest shark, the whale, feeds exclusively on plankton, krill and small fish.
The most dangerous is the white shark. It is about her that the famous thriller by Steven Spielberg "Jaws" is narrated. Sea assassins can be up to 6 meters long and weigh 2.5 tons. Their speed is up to 50 km / h. For example, the fastest swimmer in the world, Michael Phelps swims 8 times slower. Sharks also have an excellent sense of smell. Thus, their scent somehow compensates for weak eyesight. A shark can smell a drop of blood for 8 kilometers. The danger of predators also lies in the fact that they are almost always hungry. These large fish are also very strong. The largest individuals have a bite force of 1800 kilograms, and in one bite they are able to eat at once 14 kilograms of flesh.
Sharks are generally quite interesting creatures that have many amazing qualities. Electroreception alone is worth something. In the head of the predator there are special Lorenzini capsules. Every movement of the body in the water leads to the appearance of a small electric field, and the shark is able to calculate this. The shark's sensitivity allows it to detect a voltage of one billionth of a volt. Thus, a predator will hear the beats of a human heart in water from a distance of 100 meters.
African buffalo (black buffalo). The danger of a buffalo lies in its enormous strength and unpredictable behavior in conjunction with a quarrelsome evil character. These wild animals kill more than 200 people every year with their hooves and horns. In terms of the number of victims among land animals, buffaloes are second only to crocodiles and hippos, surpassing in this indicator even such recognized killers as lions and leopards.
Buffalo is a pretty desirable prey for hunters. Together with the lion, elephant, rhino, and leopard, it makes up the big five African animals. However, hunting a buffalo is a difficult and dangerous undertaking. After all, the animal is not just hot-tempered and violent, it is also very smart and cunning. Buffaloes are able to deceive people who are waiting for them, they bypass them and hide in the bush. Then, from their ambush, these cloven-hoofed animals attack reckless hunters. Buffaloes can pretend to be dead in order to bring potential victims closer to them.
Although buffalo skin is not as thick as that of an elephant, a large caliber with a bullet weight of 23-32 grams is still used in hunting. Moreover, the animal does not even try to consider its prey and goes on the attack immediately, without delay. The hunter has a few seconds left for an accurate shot. If the buffalo is not killed immediately, but injured, then his behavior will be especially unpredictable and aggressive. So the best way to get around the attacks of the African buffalo is not to come across it at all. After all, even in a car, a person cannot feel safe. Adult bulls with their huge horns can easily overturn jeeps, vans and even trucks. And do not hope to run away from the angry buffalo, the male can accelerate to a speed of 65 km / h.
Clostridium Botulinum. This creature is dangerous for its highest toxicity. Clostridium Botulinum is a spore-forming bacillus that produces botulinum toxin. This makes it possible to call the creature one of the most dangerous on the planet. After all, one teaspoon of such poison is enough to kill the entire population of the United States.Four kilograms of botulinum toxin is generally enough to destroy all of humanity. The action of this poison is similar to that of the taipan poison. The bacillus of botulism leads to paralysis of the diaphragm, the connection between the muscles and the brain is lost, and asphyxiation occurs.
And this bacterium is found on all continents, it lives in the ground. She doesn’t care about salty sea water, she exists in the heat of the Sahara and the cold of Antarctica. The microorganism can adapt to any conditions in the natural environment. Gastric juice saves a person from infection, which stops the development of bacteria and kills it. If the controversy begins to grow, then it will be quite difficult to stop them. Even a 10-minute boil will hardly remove these bacteria. The optimal conditions for the development of botulism bacillus is cold canning. If food is contaminated, then just one bite can lead to infection and death within one day. Neither man nor any known living creatures on Earth have immunity to botulism. One gram per kilogram of body weight of a spore-bearing bacillus is sufficient. To guarantee botulism and further death. So, an adult elephant weighing 5.5 tons will die in 3 days if only 0.005454 mg of this poison is consumed.
African nomadic ants. These insects themselves are not dangerous, but in their mass they become a deadly weapon of nature. Africa is generally a dangerous place for humans; there are still many natural threats to us. Among the dangerous fanged and clawed creatures, the nomadic Siafu ants do not particularly stand out. These insects are medium-sized for ants, they don't even have eyes. But some of them have wings. They navigate the terrain thanks to their sense of smell. The Siafu do not even have a nest, they lead a nomadic lifestyle. Their nests are just temporary homes. Insects prey on any invertebrates that come their way. Up to 50 million nomadic ants live in one colony. It is hard to imagine that 5-centimeter insects are so dangerous for any animals. However, when it comes to the colony, this is the case. Nomads live in central and eastern Africa, having chosen the savannah and jungle. The colony changes its place of residence every few years, the temporary nest leaves in search of better and richer territories.
When these ants begin to move, they form original columns. In doing so, soldiers protect workers from danger. The danger of ants lies in the fact that they are also poisonous. During the bite, a toxic substance is released, although it does not have sufficient strength to kill a large animal. The main weapon of nomadic ants is their jaws. They are so powerful that they can even bite through the thick skin of a rhino. But the multi-million army of these insects can sense the enemy at a distance of 25 meters, what will happen as a result of an attack is difficult to imagine.
If one ant attacks a person, then he can still be thrown and trampled. But it is useless to fight a colony. Moreover, the nomads are quite smart and even cunning. If you start using a flamethrower against them, then they will bend around the fire or completely hide, waiting for the end of the attack. After which the ants will attack again. You can only escape from them by flight. Although the Siafu can defeat any creature that comes their way, they cannot run fast. The victim will be the animal that cannot escape the horde of nomads. So sick or wounded creatures become prey of ants. In a month, the colony is able to gnaw the carcass of an elephant to its bare bones. At the same time, no one dares to approach their prey, except bacteria.
Even water is not able to stop an ant attack. Other ant species would stop chasing prey hiding in the water, but the Siafu species is unforgiving. Adults can hold their breath under water for 3 minutes, all this time they are still able to bite the victim with their powerful jaws. When ants hunt small insects, they either bite them to death, or kill them with their poison. If a large animal becomes the object of persecution, then Siafu with its entire colony either bites it or makes its way into the lungs, making death truly painful.