The most beautiful crater lakes

Crater Lake is a unique natural phenomenon. Similar objects appear at places where meteorites fall or artificial explosions initiated by humans.

The lakes formed inside the caldera are also called caldera lakes. Moreover, it is extremely transparent there.

The fact is that such reservoirs are devoid of input flow and sediment. Paradoxically, these mysterious bodies of water appeared thanks to fire and volcanoes.

Crater Lake Crater, Mount Mazama Volcano. This crater lake is the main attraction of the national park in Oregon, USA. This place even received the name Crater Lake. Its fame is based on the fact that the purest reservoir has a deep and rich blue color. Crater Lake is located in a caldera, whose depth is 1220 meters. This place appeared after the destruction of Mount Mazama volcano. Crater Lake has become the deepest in the country, its depth is 594 meters. Water comes here only due to precipitation - there is no external inflow or outflow. Thus Crater is one of the most famous and vibrant lakes in the world. A log called "Old Man of the Lake" has also brought particular fame to this place. For over a hundred years it has been floating in the Kreiter in an upright position. Since the water is quite cold here, the tree is perfectly preserved.

Crater Lake Quilotoa. In the Ecuadorian Andes, volcanoes also raged. In place of one of them, this lake appeared. It occupied the caldera of the westernmost volcano. Its width is about three kilometers, and it appeared due to a powerful explosion, which was the result of an eruption that occurred 800 years ago. That cataclysm gave rise to mudflows and pyroclastic flows that even reached the Pacific Ocean. And the ash from the volcano came in a cloud to the northern Andes. Since then, a part of the caldera has been occupied by a lake, its depth is 250 meters. Quilotoa water has a greenish color due to the minerals dissolved in it. Although there are warm springs and small geysers along the coast, the water in the lake remains cold. And the hot springs appeared here thanks to fumaroles, cracks in the crater. Most of them are located on the eastern slope of the once formidable volcano.

Crater lakes Albertina Rift. There are areas in Africa where the population density is quite high. Nevertheless, they try to preserve the flora and fauna in their original form. This place can be considered the Queen Elizabeth Park, strewn with crater lakes. They appeared here due to volcanic explosions. Only thanks to the environmental laws adopted in the middle of the last century, it was possible to preserve an unusual natural monument - the Western or Albertin Rift. Now there is a protected area protected by the state. The rift valley is formed by large linear depressions in the earth's crust. Here it is surrounded by high African mountains - Virunga, Mitumba and Rwenzori ridge. Between them is a series of deep-water Rift Valley lakes. Tanganyika is especially famous, whose depth reaches 1470 meters. Almost all of this territory lies in national parks - Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwenzori National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda, and Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda. Although Lake Victoria lies between two parts of the rift valley, it is also considered to be part of its system. So all the Great Lakes of Africa owe their appearance to rifts, most of them lie within the Albertina Rift.

Crater Lake Kelimutu. The Kelimutu volcano is located on the Indonesian island of Flores. It has become home to three crater lakes of different colors. Lake Tiwu Atambupu is also known as the "lake of the elderly". It lies to the west of the others, and the color blue prevails here. The other two lakes are called Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai (Lake of Youths and Maidens) and Tiwu Ata Polo (Witching, or Magic Lake). There is a crater wall between them, and the water there is green and red, respectively. Kelimutu volcano is a unique place for geologists, because on the top of one mountain there are three lakes at once and all of different colors.

Mount Pinatubo Crater Lake. The climatic eruption of Mount Pinatubo occurred on June 15, 1991 in the Philippines. It became so powerful that it destroyed US Air Force and Navy bases located 18 kilometers away. And the summit crater became the home for the appearance of a lake here. This place is located near the borders of the provinces of Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales. And the capital of the country, Manila, is about 90 kilometers from here. On the island, the lake is the deepest with an indicator of 800 meters. It feeds on rain.

Occam's crater lake. The Japanese love to give poetic names to natural objects. The lake on Mount Zao, Honshu Island, was named "Five Colors". The volcano itself is located on the border between Yamagata and Miyagi prefectures in Japan. The mountain is not easy, it consists of a whole cluster of stratovolcanoes. Zao is the most active volcano on the island. Its eruption in 1720 caused the appearance of a crater here, which then filled Occama Lake. Its “colored” name is due to the fact that the water here changes color depending on the weather. The diameter of the lake itself is small - only 360 meters, and the depth is only 60 meters. Nevertheless, the "Lake of Five Colors" is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the area.

Crater Lake, Mount Katmai. The Alaska Peninsula is famous for its large nature reserve and Katmai National Park. There is a large composite volcano on its territory. The diameter of this mountain is about 10 kilometers. And in the central caldera there is a lake, which has a size of 3 by 4.5 kilometers. From here near Kodiak Island. The depression was formed during the eruption of the Novarupta volcano in 1912. The caldera has a maximum depth of 2,047 meters. By 1975, the water surface of the lake was at an altitude of 1286 meters, and the calculated height of the day of the caldera itself was at an altitude of 1040 meters.

Crater lake on Taal volcano. Luzon Island in the Philippines is home to the complex Taal Volcano. Its caldera is partially filled with a lake. The depression appeared here due to powerful eruptions that occurred in the prehistoric era. It was in the period of 140,000-5,000 years before our era. Lake Taal is best seen from the Tagaytay ridge. The reservoir is rightfully considered one of the most picturesque and attractive in the country. From the volcano to the capital of the Philippines, Manila, only 50 kilometers. A large rock rises above the lake, nicknamed the "Point of the Volcano". It is a splinter from the old crater floor. Over time, this place was filled with a lake. It is two kilometers wide and is known as the "Main Crater Lake".

Deriba crater lake in Jebel Marra. The extinct Jebel Marra volcano is located in Darfur in western Sudan. Its crater is located at an altitude of 3042 meters. The last time the volcano came to life 4 thousand years ago. But even today it is considered to be not extinct, but asleep. The fact is that there are still hot springs and fumaroles on the slopes, from which steam and gas escape. Deriba Caldera is the highest point in Sudan since South Sudan declared independence. The diameter of the depression is 5-8 kilometers. There are 2 lakes inside the crater at once. There is a white line around them, which shows how the rainwater flows down.

Crater Lake, Mount Ruapehu. There is an active stratovolcano in the southern part of the New Zealand Taupo Volcanic Zone. From here 23 kilometers to the city of Ohakune and 40 kilometers to the southern coast of Lake Taupo, which is located in Tongariro National Park. There is a glacier on the slopes of the active mountain. Despite this, the volcano is considered active, it is generally one of the most active in the world and certainly the largest in New Zealand. The volcano is also the highest point on the North Island. Its three peaks, Tahurangi, Te Heuheu and Paretetitonga, are respectively 2797, 2755 and 2751 meters high. Between them is the main crater, which in the periods between frequent eruptions manages to fill with water and form a lake.

Crater Lake Yak Lum. In the province of Ratanakiri in northeastern Cambodia, there is a popular tourist destination - Yak Lum crater lake. From here it is about 5 kilometers to the provincial capital, Banlung city. The lake is famous for its beauty, and it is located in a volcanic crater that arose 4 thousand years ago. The depth of the reservoir is about 48 meters, and the water is extremely clean and transparent. It is curious that the shape of the Yak Lum is a regular circle with a diameter of 720 meters. Life is teeming with life around the crater lake. The rainforests are tall and lush trees and are home to many birds, as well as several species of parrots.

Crater Lake Kerid. Iceland is known as the land of volcanoes. There is nothing surprising in the fact that there are also crater lakes. The most famous is in the Grímsnes area in the south of the island. After all, it is here that the famous tourist route "Golden Circle" passes. The entire area is known as the Western Volcanic Zone. There are several crater lakes at once, which are located on the Reykjanes Peninsula next to the Langjökull glacier. Caldera Kerid, like other volcanoes in this area, does not consist of the usual black volcanic rock, but of red. The caldera is about 170 meters wide, 270 meters across, and goes 55 meters deep. Kerid is one of the most recognizable volcanic craters. This caldera was formed 3 thousand years ago, and the surrounding area was formed 3 thousand years before. The slopes of the crater are quite steep, covered with stunted vegetation. But one of them is more gentle, it is dotted with mosses. It is from here that it is easiest to climb to the top. The crater lake itself, unlike its counterparts, is shallow, only 7-14 meters. This indicator depends mainly on precipitation. Minerals penetrate into the water from the soil, which makes it, albeit opaque, but very bright, aquamarine in color.

Crater lake Likankabur. In the southwestern region of Chile, on the very border with Bolivia, there is an unusual stratovolcano Licancabur. It lies southwest of Laguna Verde and overlooks the Salar de Atacama area. The volcano is distinguished by its amazing symmetry. Moreover, its different parts belong to different countries. Two thirds of the northeastern slope at an altitude of 4360 to 5400 meters from the foot is the territory of Bolivia. And the rest, the main part, including the remainder of the northeastern slope, as well as the crater, belongs to Chile. It is only about 1 kilometer from the crater to the border, while the width of the depression is about 400 meters. Inside the crater is Likankabur Lake, which measures 70 by 90 meters. It is covered with ice for most of the year. The fact is that it is located high in the mountains, being one of the most remote from the sea level in the world. Even though the air temperature can reach 30 degrees below zero, planktonic organisms live in the lake.

Viti geothermal crater lake. In the central highlands of Iceland, in the most distant part, there is the active stratovolcano Askja. It belongs to the calde complex located in the Dyngjufjoll mountains. They themselves are low, reaching 1510 meters. And the word askja in translation from Icelandic is translated simply - "caldera". Tourist access to this place is limited to only a few months a year. The caldera is located northeast of the Vatnaekul glacier, precipitation is rare here, and only about 450 mm of precipitation falls here per year. Once upon a time, it was here that astronauts were trained under the Apollo program, preparing to land on the moon. Lake Esquan appeared here in 1875 as a result of a volcanic eruption. The total area of ​​the reservoir is 12 km2. At the beginning of its formation, the lake was warm, but today it is almost constantly frozen in ice. At 220 meters, Esquan remains the second deepest lake in Iceland. And on the northern shore of the lake there is a small Viti crater with a diameter of 150 meters. It houses a geothermal lake, which is only 7 meters deep. There are many unusual minerals in this place, they make the water opaque and deep blue. A strong sulfur smell emanates from the lake.

Heavenly Lake, Mount Baekdu. This crater lake is located right on the border between China and North Korea. Its bowl was the caldera located on the top of Baekdu volcano, which is part of the Changbai mountain range. Part of the mountain is located in the Korean province of Ryanggang, and part in the Chinese province of Jilin. This is the caldera that gave shelter to Heavenly Lake. Formed during a major volcanic eruption in 969. The reservoir is located at an altitude of 2,190 meters, and its area is about 9.82 km2. The length of the lake from north to south is 4.85 kilometers, and from west to east - 3.35 kilometers. The average depth of the lake is 213 meters, and the maximum is 384 meters. More than half a year - from October to June, the lake is covered with ice.

Watch the video: The Top Ten Most Beautiful Crater Lakes in the World

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