Unfortunately or fortunately, but human life is limited. In modern history, there are several people who can be safely considered champions in this field.
Those whose confirmed age exceeds 115 can generally be called super-centenarians. Others, however, call an exceptionally healthy lifestyle as the secret of longevity.
Of course, one can recall the Japanese Shigiyo Izumi, whose age has reached 120 years old, or the legendary Azerbaijani shepherd Shirali Muslimov, who, according to rumors, lived to be 168 years old. We will tell you about those super-centenarians whose age has been verified.
Christian Mortensen (1882-1998). This man is officially considered the most important long-liver among the stronger sex. Born in Denmark, he has lived most of his life in America. Mortensen's total age was 115 years and 252 days.
His birthday was August 16, 1882, and he died on April 25, 1998. The peculiarity of this centenarian is not only that he was a man. Indeed, among such a category of venerable elders, nine out of ten representatives are women.
Mortensen managed to stand out by the fact that for 95 years of his life he smoked several cigars every day. Although scientists believe that marriage prolongs life, the man himself has been single for most of his long life. He lived in marriage for only 10 years. In 1903, the Dane moved to the United States, where he worked for a long time as a tailor and milkman.
At the end of his life, Mortensen managed to share the secret of his longevity. In this, according to him, good cigars, friends, a lot of good water, refusal from alcohol, singing and optimism are "to blame".
Maggie Pauline Barnes (1882-1998). This woman was born as a slave on March 6, 1882. And she died 115 years later 319 days on January 19, 1998. Little is known about Maggie Barnes, but based on her impressive age, it can be assumed that her life was full of events. She went through adversity with honor, including surviving 11 of her 15 children. A long-liver died from complications caused by a small infection in her leg.
Her record is also surprising because at the beginning of the 20th century, the average life expectancy for African Americans was 40-42 years, and for the white race it was slightly higher - 47 years. Although the gap is constantly closing, Barnes did the impossible - she lived 75 years longer than the average life expectancy at her time.
Bessie Cooper (1896 -). The already legendary woman was born on August 26, 1896. She has already celebrated her 116th birthday, becoming in 2011 the oldest inhabitant of our planet. She described the secret of her longevity simply - "I do not pry into other people's affairs", adding "I also do not eat junk food." Cooper's life spanned three centuries, she survived two world wars and witnessed significant turns in history.
Bessie started working as a teacher in Georgia. At the age of 28, she got married, her marriage lasted until 69 years with the death of her husband. Since then, she has lived alone on the family farm. At 105, Bessie moved to a nursing home. 4 children, 12 grandchildren, 15 great-grandchildren and one great-great-grandson congratulated her on her 115th birthday.
Elizabeth Bolden (1890 - 2006). This woman was born on August 15, 1890 and lived until December 11, 2006. At that time she was 116 years old and 118 days old. She was born in Tennessee, in a family of blacks freed from slavery.
Mrs. Bolden's life was pretty difficult. Her longevity genes were not passed on to the children, so the woman was destined to survive five of her seven children. But thanks to her, an enviable and numerous offspring appeared, which is likely to preserve the valuable gene of longevity.
After the death of Elizabeth Bolden, it turned out that she had more than 500 direct descendants, including 75 great-great-great-grandchildren. The woman has worked on a farm all her life. She has always been a family man and loved to give valuable advice.
In 2004, Elizabeth suffered a stroke, after which she spoke little and slept almost all the time. She died in a nursing home, having tasted ice cream and sweets on her 116th birthday.
Thane Ikai (1879 - 1995). Teng Ikai has a confirmed lifespan of 116 years and 175 days. She is the most important long-liver, both in Japan and Asia. She was born on January 18, 1879 in the city of Kansei, in a family of farmers. At the age of 20, the woman got married, she had four children, and she survived all of them by 1995.
Throughout her life, Thane was fond of embroidery and ceramics. Her diet was based on rice. Perhaps it was traditional Japanese food that saved her from cancer and heart disease. An autopsy of the woman after her death showed that she had died of kidney failure. This is the only long-liver who underwent an autopsy procedure.
Maria Capovilla (1889 - 2006). This long-liver represents Ecuador. She was born on September 14, 1889, becoming the same age as the Eiffel Tower. As a result, Maria lived for 116 years and 37 days. She went down in history as the oldest South American and oldest resident of the Southern Hemisphere. Capovilla died just a month before her 117th birthday.
The long-liver led a very healthy lifestyle. She never smoked, only occasionally taking alcohol. Maria was born into a colonel's family, her life began among the local elite. In 1917, the woman married an Italian-born officer, Antonio Capovilla. The couple had five children, two of which Maria eventually survived.
At the age of one hundred, Maria almost died and even managed to take the sacrament. However, she managed to recover without further health problems. The super-longevity woman walked without a wand, read newspapers and watched TV. Her health faded away rapidly, she stopped reading and talking.
Maria Louise Mailer (1880 - 1998). The woman died on April 16, 1998, when she was 117 years old and 230 days old. Together with her in the same nursing home was one of her sons, and her daughter at that time was already 90 years old. And the French-Canadian long-liver was born in Quebec on August 29, 1880. At the age of 30, Maria Louise became a widow - her husband died of pneumonia.
After the tragedy, she moved to the border between Ontario and Quebec, where she met her future second husband, Hector Mailer. Maria Louise herself believed that her longevity was her reward for hard work. She really had a hard time - in two marriages she gave birth to 10 children. The long-liver sometimes loved to drink a glass of wine, she also smoked for a long time, having got rid of this addiction only at the age of 90.
Lucy Hannah (1875 - 1993). Surprisingly, this long-lived woman was never considered the oldest person on the planet. The fact is that she lived at the same time with Zhanna Kalman, the owner of such an honorary title. Be that as it may, but Hannah lived to 117 years and 248 days.
She is the oldest African American woman on the planet, and only two people have lived longer than her in recent history. Although her family claimed that due to confusion with the documents, Lucy was a year more, this fact does not change her place in our rating.
Lucy was born in Alabama on July 16, 1875. To avoid racist persecution during the Great Migration, the woman moved to Detroit. In 1901, she married John Hann, the couple had eight children. At the time of Lucy's death, only two of them remained alive. It should be noted that Lucy owes her long life to her genes - her two sisters exchanged for a hundred years, and her mother lived for 99 years.
Sarah Knauss (1880 - 1999). Sarah is the second oldest person in history. She died when she was 119 years and 97 days old. She was born on September 24, 1880, and died just a few days before the new millennium. However, Sarah herself was not worried about the honorary title of long-liver. When she was told that she was the oldest person on the planet, she only replied, "So what?"
The woman has lived all her life in Pennsylvania. She married at 21 and worked as a professional seamstress. Sarah even made her own wedding dress and tablecloths for the celebration herself. She started sewing at the age of 4. Sarah's daughter described her as a very calm person who could not be disturbed by anything.
This is precisely the secret of her longevity, because it is known that stress greatly affects human health. Sarah had one child who lived 102 years. She survived both her daughter and her husband, having been married for 64 years. Sarah Knauss survived 7 wars in America, the Great Depression, she lived under 23 US presidents. At the time of her death, she was older than the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty.
Sarah herself, at the age of 115, said that she likes to live so long because she is still healthy enough to do some things on her own. Her passion was watching golf on TV, making sharp needles. She loved milk chocolate, nuts and chips.
Jeanne Kalman (1875 - 1997). The record of this woman remains unsurpassed, she is the oldest person who has ever lived on the planet. It's hard to believe that anyone will soon be able to break her record of 122 years and 164 days. Jeanne was born in French Arles on February 21, 1875, and she died on August 4, 1997. During Jeanne's lifetime, mankind invented the automobile, cinema, learned how to build airplanes and smelt stainless steel, television appeared.
In the life of Jeanne Kalman there was an amazing meeting. At the age of 13, she met Vincent Van Gogh himself. She recalled that the great artist seemed to her dirty, gloomy and untidy dressed. Like Sarah Knauss, Jeanne's longevity is directly related to her immunity from stress. The woman, moreover, was also witty, telling her every new birthday about a new secret of her longevity.
On her 120th birthday, Jeanne was asked how she sees the future. To which she replied wittily and sadly: "Very short." Up to a hundred years, Zhanna Kalman still rode a bicycle and drank port, but she smoked almost until her death. The woman claimed that she was able to cheat age thanks to a strong stomach and physical activity. She advised people, "If there is nothing you can do about the problem, then you shouldn't worry."
Interestingly, at the age of 90, Jeanne made a deal to sell her apartment to the lawyer Raffre. He undertook to pay a certain amount monthly to Mrs. Kalman, and after her death, the old woman's real estate was to be transferred to him. At that time, the cost of the apartment was equal to 10 years of contributions. As a result, Zhanna outlived the greedy lawyer by two years, having lived another 30 years after the transaction.