How to identify the bravest person? Isn't the Austrian extreme Felix Baumgartner worth considering as such? After all, he has already earned himself a reputation as a fearless athlete. And recently, Felix announced that he was going to break the record for skydiving. For this, the athlete, with the help of a Mongolfer with liquid helium, will rise to a height of 39 kilometers, and from there he will literally dive down. Having overcome all barriers, Felix plans to successfully touch the ground.
10/15/2012, in Roswell (New Mexico), Austrian Felix Baumgartner officially became the first person in the world whose speed in free fall exceeded the speed of sound. During the jump, 43-year-old Baumgartner set two world records - for the height (39.45 km) from which the jump was made, and also for the speed of free fall, which was 1342 km / h, which is 1.24 times the speed of sound ...
The immediate preparation for this jump, together with the ascent to the set height, took more than 2.5 hours, and Felix spent 4 minutes 20 seconds in free fall, after which his parachute opened and he landed successfully. As Felix Baumgartner himself told reporters, during the jump, he did not think about achieving records: "I wanted to return to Earth, to see the girl and parents." “Sometimes you have to climb very high to realize how insignificant you yourself are,” he added.
Most of all, Felix Baumgartner was worried when leaving the capsule: "When you go out, you don't feel the air, you don't understand what is happening, and you need to adjust the pressure, otherwise you will die," he said. "Terribly unpleasant." By his bold actions, a person shows that there are no limits to human capabilities, just as there are no boundaries and his courage. Therefore, we will tell you about the most courageous representatives of humanity, who overstepped themselves and their fears.
Joseph Kittinger. At one time, the US Air Force had a special program that trained super-spies to be dropped from space right to the top of Ivan the Great Cathedral in Moscow. That project was named Excelsior and was led by Mr. Kittinger. While testing new models of stratospheric parachutes, this officer made some unusual jumps.
So, in August 1960, Joseph was able to descend to earth from a height of 30 kilometers. When the daredevil crossed the mark of 13300 meters, his glove on his right hand burst. Because of this, in the thin air, the brush swelled like a glove on a bottle of fermenting wine. But Joseph did not inform his superiors about the incident, especially since when he landed, his hand again became normal.
Upon learning that war had begun in Vietnam, Colonel Kittinger volunteered for it. There Joseph was wounded and taken prisoner. He spent about a year in the Hanoi Hilton prisoner camp. There, a brave officer fought with fate - he tried to raise a riot and organize an escape. But the Vietnamese caught him, beat him, and then also subjected him to terrible Asian torture.
In 1973, Kittinger returned to his homeland from captivity. There he continued to work on balloons. One of them, unmanned, was able to reach 3221 kilometers above the planet. In 2012, the brave colonel consults the very same Baumgartner. Wanting to be among the most daring, who else can you take advice from, if not the legendary officer?
Reinhold Messner. This man is considered the most famous climber in the world. Today the Italian Messner is already storming the political heights in the European Parliament. He was glorified by the fact that he became the first in the world who was able to conquer all 14 eight-thousanders.
In 1978, Messner made a fearless act - he went to storm Everest without oxygen equipment. Many considered him a suicide, but he succeeded. But two years later this feat was repeated. This time the highest mountain in the world was conquered from the opposite side.
In mountaineering, Messner proved everything to himself. Deserts became the next goal of the daredevil. Moreover, he was interested not only in hot, but also in arctic ones. The Italian was able to cross Antarctica and Greenland, the Gobi and Taklamakan. This man walked to the South and North Poles. Messner spoke about his exploits and love for mountaineering in 70 books.
William Trubridge. This man recently crossed the 30-year mark, but has already twice become the strongest in the world in the field of scuba diving. Its lungs have a volume of 8.1 liters. This allows the diver to do without air for 7.5 minutes underwater. Trubridge, a New Zealand resident, uses only air in his chest and a rope thrown into the water. The daredevil can dive to a depth of 121 meters.
Moreover, all his equipment is made up of gloves and fins. If you refuse them, then William can reach the mark of one hundred meters. The brave explorer of the depths without special equipment is today conducting freediving courses. 4 days of seminar brings him about $ 600. And together with him, Sarah Campbell, the British champion in free diving, teaches new daredevils.
John Stapp. This American Air Force officer was also able to become a doctor of medicine. He was born in 1910 and lived a long life, dying in 1989. The whole life of this daredevil was spent under the noble motto "No need to feel sorry for yourself." It is not surprising that he willingly put his life in mortal danger dozens of times. It was John Stapp who became the first people to seriously study the effect of overload on the human body. He himself became the subject. For his work at high speeds, Stepp was even nicknamed "the fastest man on Earth."
In 1947, Stapp decided to refute the mythical belief of pilots that a person cannot survive with an acceleration exceeding 18g. But the daredevil was able to overcome this barrier, and then even experienced a record overload of 46g. But it is 10 times more than that experienced by cosmonauts returning to Earth in a manned "Salute".
Such experiments inevitably brought severe damage to the body to the daring prover. Stepp's limbs broke, the retina peeled off, and the usual specks of dust left deep marks on the skin. But the officer was recovering, because all the damage was not critical. You can imagine what a person looked like after flying on an experimental rocket at a speed of 850 km / h and without a spacesuit.
But Stapp decided to take his experiments outside the isolated cabins. One day he decided to check whether a jet pilot could survive if his cockpit disappeared. The sensations of a person were also interesting. Stapp was able to prove that at a speed of 917 km / h, interaction with cold rarefied air is not at all fatal to humans.
John Stepp's research has served not only the military, but also the entire modern mankind. After all, it was this tester who proved the importance of using seat belts in cars for driving safety. Thanks to Stapp, since 1966, cars have received the same safety improvements at their disposal. Motorists may not like them, but they really save lives.
Philip Petit. In 2009, the Oscar was won by the documentary Man on the Wire. It starred only one actor - a brave and brave French tightrope walker Philippe Petit. The tape told about his trick, done back in 1974. He, without advertising his act, walked without insurance on a 61-meter rope weighing 200 kilograms. But it was stretched between the towers of the World Trade Center in New York, destroyed by terrorists in 2011. Petit walked along a thin path, danced back and forth.
The whole show took place at an altitude of 450 meters and took 45 minutes. After that, the Frenchman was arrested by the police for illegal entry into a closed area. However, the daredevil refused to pay a fine or go to jail. In return, he offered the police a free show in New York's Central Park for his release.
When the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution was celebrated in 1989, Petit impressed everyone with his journey along the 700-meter wire. It was stretched at an angle from the ground to the second floor of the Eiffel Tower. Today a commemorative plaque says about it. Well, the fact that the brave tightrope walker repeatedly passed over Niagara Falls no longer surprises anyone.
Jordan Romero. American teenager Jordan Romero has not yet reached 20 years old, and has already done so much that he has become a celebrity. He was born in Big Bear Lake, California. Who would have guessed that this beardless schoolboy would be born for exploits. But by his youth, he had already managed to conquer all the highest peaks on all continents of the planet.
Jordan visited the Aconcagua and McKinley mountains, Kilimanjaro and Punchak Jaya, and he climbed the Vinson Massif. The teenager met his 14th birthday on the summit of Everest. As a result, this brought him the fame of the youngest conqueror of the "roof of the world" in history. This record will be very difficult to beat. Unless some young Nepalese boy wants to get his share of fame.
The fact is that the permission to storm Everest is issued by the authorities. After the exploits of the Californian boy, a decree was issued, according to which persons who have reached the age of 18 are allowed to climb to the top.
Today, Jordan Romero is well off with his own brand of climbing equipment and clothing. The brave young man plans to continue his exploits after graduation. And he has already been able to conquer many girls' hearts.
Martin Strel. This Slovenian swimmer has become a legend for his ultra-long distance swims. The name Martin Strela appears in the Guinness Book of Records 4 times. This man was able to swim along the four greatest rivers in the world, starting from their source and ending with their mouth. The list of conquered streams inspires respect - the Amazon, Danube, Yangtze and Mississippi. But the Slovene postponed the conquest of the Nile indefinitely. He believes that this African great river is not up to his level.
The daredevil had the hardest time in the Amazon. After all, according to the schedule, he had to swim about 50 miles a day. But in this river, a person is attacked by dangerous kandiru catfish, making their way inside us through the urethra and anus. At the same time, the sun was burning mercilessly, and a tropical fever was raging around.
Several times Martin had to save from attacks of evil piranhas. As a result, the swimmer's support group poured several buckets of blood into the water nearby. This helped to distract the attention of predatory fish. Krokodilov and Anacondas Strel were not afraid at all, just smiling at such a danger.
To relieve the stress of such a dangerous adventure, Strel drank two bottles of wine every night. The entire journey through the Amazon took about 66 days. Our next hero spent about the same time, conquering the Atlantic.
Alain Bombard. This great French physician was also involved in politics. What drives people to adventure? A successful man in 1952 took, but out of simple curiosity decided to cross the Atlantic on his own. And the vessel was chosen for this rather unusual - a rubber boat with a flashy name "Heretic".
The brave and risky man took with him a sextant, a pair of oars and a sail. To make it boring on the road, Bombard took with him the books of Montaigne and Shakespeare. The experiment was supposed to show what potential shipwreck victims are ready for in terms of psychological and physical capabilities. The journey lasted 65 days. This is exactly how much it took Bombar to overcome the 4400 kilometers separating Las Palmas and Barbados.
In his long voyage, the Frenchman ate exclusively on the animals that he could catch in his net or harpoon with a homemade spear. Fish and plankton became the basis of the diet during the trip. From the carcasses of caught fish, the doctor squeezed fresh water, sometimes diluting it with ocean water. Bombard said that this cocktail tasted better than the French mineral water.
When the traveler reached Barbados, it turned out that he had lost 26 kilograms on the way. Such an adventure noticeably undermined the health of the daredevil. Nevertheless, he recovered and eventually got 4 children. Bombar lived a long life, dying in Toulon in 2005 at the age of 80.