Gardening is a special kind of art. No one, even the most skilled designer, can command the sun to shine brighter, snow or descend in fog to decorate his creation.
But the hard work and talent of a person can create a real miracle, the beauty of nature, skillfully cut by human frames. In choosing the twelve best gardens in the world, we were guided by the principle: older, more exotic, brighter and more beautiful. In fact, in order to fully experience all the impressions of these famous gardens, it is still better to go there. No description can compare with a personal view of this symbiosis of human labor and nature. So, here are twelve of the best gardens in the world that you should definitely visit.
Gardens of Versailles in France. These gardens are perhaps the most famous in the world. Once upon a time, at a distance of 24 kilometers from Paris, there was a small village with a small hunting lodge of Louis XIII, who was very fond of hunting. This hobby was passed on to his son. Louis XIV, the Sun King was very unhappy with his palaces - the Louvre and the Tuileries, which is why he decided to rebuild Versailles and create such a luxurious palace on this site to accommodate his entire court. At the same time, the garden had to be of the appropriate scale and quality. A huge palace and park complex grew here in the late 1660s. Naturally, such a grandiose construction of the king cost the country a considerable amount. The main structures were erected by 1700, but construction continued throughout the next century. The park is located on a low and swampy place, this was the reason for the entire relief - reservoirs, plantings and drops to be rebuilt. As a result, the Versailles gardens spread over 101 hectares, there are fountains, grottoes and sculptures. It was here that the Parisian nobility loved to relax and have fun. Operas by Lully sounded in the gardens, plays by Molière and Racine were staged. Queen Marie Antoinette played whole pastorals here, which were staged throughout the park.
Space Garden in South Scotland. The author of this creation was Charles Jencks, known for his postmodern approach to architecture. Landscape gardening became a new area of his creativity. For Charles, the garden is the embodiment of complex scientific thoughts, proof of nature's capabilities to realize its own feelings and feelings. The architect's gardens are real visual metaphors. There is a complex relationship between the elements that, unsurprisingly, inspires poets and musicians. You can't get bored in the Cosmic Garden, because the local landscapes are among the most original on the planet. When visiting these places, people get a lot of impressions, contemplating the surroundings. Jenkins came up with the idea for the garden thanks to his wife, also a designer. She inherited this Scottish land from her mother in 1988. So the couple decided to show all people the beauty of the Universe with the help of garden forms, from the microcosm to the global elements. The garden is a miniature universe, a place of ideal shape, a kind of paradise. Although Jenkins' wife Maggie died in 1995, the idea continues to unfold. In the garden, a special place is given to spirals, since DNA, hurricanes, and our entire galaxy have such a shape. In the garden, different things are presented in a mysterious order - there are equations, atoms, black holes, chemical elements, dragons. This place is a cross between universal chaos and natural symmetry. The garden can be imagined as a book, each new page of which gives new emotions. The Space Garden is private, but open to the public. Those who are not able to get there should take the time to book by Charles Jenks about the creation of this project and its theories in general. The Space Garden became the starting point for Jenks in his future work. Soon, the architect created the Landform Park for the Scottish Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh. Charles' new creation embodied chaos theory in its forms. This project earned the creator the prestigious Gulbenkian Prize, awarded in Great Britain for museum projects in contemporary art.
Boboli Gardens in Florence. One of the most interesting Florentine palaces is the Palazzo Pitti. The building has three floors, each of which is over 10 meters high. The palace is finished with rough materials and raised on a dais, which looks impressive. The name of the Boboli Gardens is most likely derived from the surname of the landowners. In 1549, the palace with a century-old history was acquired by the Duke Cosimo Medici, who later married Eleanor of Toledo. After the wedding, the nobleman rebuilds the palace, creating an inner courtyard. Here is one of the most beautiful Renaissance courtyards. All this splendor is surrounded by the Boboli Gardens. Historians believe that it was for Eleanor that the Duke laid out the Gardens, which are now examples of High Renaissance gardening art. Walking alleys are straight here, they lead to intimate, secluded grottoes. Trees harmonize well with lawns, fountains and statues. The park faces an inner courtyard, there is a fountain of Artichokes, as well as a terrace and a horseshoe-shaped amphitheater. It was here that all the festive ceremonies of the Medici court took place. In the garden in 1589, the wedding of Ferdinando I and Cristina Loranska took place, which became one of the most stunning spectacles of that time. The performance included a real naval battle, for which the entire courtyard area even had to be flooded. The designer of the Boboli gardens is called Niccolo Pericolo, and the architectural idea was later used in the layout of other European royal parks, including Versailles.
Rikugen Gardens in Tokyo. The literal translation of the word "Rikugien" means "the garden of six poems". This garden is perhaps the most beautiful in the capital of Japan. This is a real example of Japanese style in garden design. In 1695, the shogun donated these lands to one of his faithful samurai, he dug lakes here and created mountains in miniature. The first garden on this site appeared, therefore, more than three hundred years ago, but even today it is the most natural oasis of tranquility, albeit surrounded by high buildings. The Rikugen Gardens have a central pond with islands, whole forests, artificial hills, tea houses hidden among nature. The architects were able to twist the trunks of the pine trees using unusual trees in their designs. The gardens are full of herbs, and the lagoons are home to carps and small turtles. Original curved bridges are thrown across the reservoirs. Many birds live in the park among 6,000 trees. Like any large Japanese garden, there is a famous weeping cherry blossom here. At night, the Rikugen Gardens are illuminated to give them even more elegance. The park was once private, but patron Hisaya, heir to the founder of Mitsubishi, donated this park to Tokyo, like another large city garden, Kiyosumi-Teien. The philanthropist also founded a library, which now houses objects of Oriental art.
Claudo Monet's garden in Giverny, France. Claude Monet's family settled in Giverny in 1883, when fruit trees grew on the site, and it was surrounded by a high stone wall. The garden was divided into two parts by a central alley lined with pine trees. Claude Monet ordered all the pines to be cut down, leaving only two yews near the house for his wife Alice. On an area of about one hectare, Monet laid out his new garden, in which there was a place for picturesque perspectives, colors and symmetries. The entire area is devoted to flower beds, in which the thickets of flowers have different heights, which creates volume. Monet did not like planted gardens. Here the flowers were arranged in accordance with their shades, they were given the opportunity to grow freely. The artist loved his garden so much that he even confessed: "All my money goes to my garden." 10 years later, Monet acquired a plot next door, on the other side of the railway. Claude turned the existing small stream into a small pond. Here is the famous Japanese bridge, entwined with wisteria, as well as other small bridges. Water lilies and weeping willows grow on the pond, bamboo thickets nearby. The pond with its surroundings contrasts markedly with the surrounding rural worlds. Monet devoted 20 years to his garden, and after his death the land went to the painter's son, Michel, who did not deal with the park. The garden was partially supported by Monet's stepdaughter, but after the Second World War everything here fell into disrepair. Michel, without thinking twice, gave the Garden to the property of the Academy of Fine Arts. The greenhouses and the house disappeared as a result, but the garden was restored. Today everything has been rebuilt here, and the famous pond has been dug again.
Budhart Gardens, British Columbia. Canadian Gardens Budhart is considered to be one of the most beautiful places on the planet. Thousands of tourists come here every year to witness the famous Budhartov flower beds. Today the blossoming gardens cover 50 acres, but this was not always the case. The Budhart family owned 130 acres of land that was rich in limestone. Gradually a giant quarry arose here. The family was doing well, it became the leaders in the production of cement in the district, but the mutilated land did not bring any spiritual joy. And so the head of the family decided to turn this useless land, flooded and littered with garbage, into a garden of Eden, blooming and fragrant. About a hundred years have passed and today everyone remembers with gratitude the Budhart family. They have created a well-groomed and lively garden that attracts all true connoisseurs of nature, carefully supported by man.
Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden, Cape Town. This garden is the main one in South Africa and it is located in the suburbs of Cape Town. Until 1902, these lands belonged to the notorious Cecil Rhodes, but according to his will, after the death of the politician and businessman, the state passed away. A botanical garden was created on the eastern slope of Table Mountain in 1913, with the aim of preserving the unique flora of southern Africa. It has become a good tradition for the garden to receive medals of various values at the relevant exhibitions. The botanical garden is spread over 560 hectares, and about 9 thousand species of plants grow here. However, in addition to the richness of flora and fauna, these places are unique due to the unique combination of landscapes of the Cape Peninsula. There are mountains, an ocean, and a rich garden - this cannot but impress. Locals love to walk here all day, picnics with children are often organized here, and concerts are held in the garden on warm Sunday evenings. Various music sounds here - from opera to rock and jazz. Spending Christmas in the Kirstenbosch Garden is considered quite prestigious, so it's no surprise that plane prices in South Africa and local hotels are skyrocketing these days. But guests have a unique opportunity to see and hear such stars as Ronan Keating, John Groban, or Brian Adams.
Yu Garden, Shanghai This place embodies the architectural motifs of the ancient Chinese southeastern Ming and Qing dynasties. The garden is known for its four hundred years of history as well as the unique Suzhou style. The name of the garden was given by the name of its builder, a prominent Chinese nobleman Yu. Today, walking in the garden, you can see how rich and noble people and their families lived in ancient times. Although the garden as a whole is small, however, the creators placed more than forty picturesque places on this square. There are various chambers and halls, pavilions and bridges, as well as rock gardens. Now you can see dragons in the garden, which was practically impossible to do in those days, since these animals were considered a symbol of the imperial family. But cunning builders managed to get around this prohibition - their dragons are three- and four-fingered, while the classic dragon has five fingers.
Abraham Lincoln Memorial Garden, Illinois, USA. This place was created in Springfield in 1936 by Harriet Knudson as a kind of natural monument to Abraham Lincoln. Surprisingly, all the plants that live here come from three states in which the president lived for some time - Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois. The city government in the 1930s set aside a plot of land along the lake shore for this purpose, and a local gardening club sponsored the project. The design of the garden was entrusted to one of the leading landscape designers of the time - Jens Jenson, who had already managed to note the creation of several urban parks in Chicago, as well as a garden in Michigan for the Ford family. As a result, the garden was even included in the state register of historic sites. Today, many, walking through the meadows and forests of the park, do not even suspect that once there were farm fields here. Acorns were planted on one of their parts in 1936, which have now turned into luxurious oak groves adjacent to open spaces. In the memorial park you can find circular benches, which aim to establish friendly conversations. Special paths lead to them, along which shrubs and trees blooming in spring are planted. It seems that everything here is created by nature, however, it took many years of human labor to create such a feeling of naturalness.
Exbury Gardens, New Forest. The Rothschild family created a whole group of parks and gardens in Europe, they are still considered one of the most beautiful in the world. However, the most beautiful of them is located in the English suburb of Exbury. In 1919, Lionel Nathan Rothschild invented the world's first irrigation system, creating it here. 35 kilometers of pipes were laid underground, which are still working today. Traveling to the Himalayas, Southeast Asia and other exotic places, Lionel brought and planted Lebanese cedars, giant sequoias, colorful cherries and rhododendrons in the garden. Huge sums were spent on the maintenance of the garden! This representative of the Rothschilds devoted all his life to caring for the garden. Here they crossed plants, prolonged their flowering period, and developed varieties more resistant to climate. As a result, the number of created hybrids exceeded a thousand. The park itself is quite young, it turned out to be surprisingly suitable soil and climate for rhododendrons and azaleas. As a result, they reach amazing sizes just a few years after disembarkation. A collection of plants grown today would be worth millions of dollars. At that time more than a hundred gardeners worked for Lionel. One World War II was hard for the park - the family left Exbury within two days, and the land passed into the possession of the navy. After the death of the creator of the park, his widow could not maintain the garden in proper shape, because only 4 retired gardeners remained with her. When Lionel's son Edmund returned from the war, he was able in the 50s to restore the garden to a form suitable for receiving visitors, and soon a shopping center appeared here. This made it possible to restore the park, today it is in excellent condition. The family business is continued by the creator's great-grandson, Nicholas. His company "Exbury Enterprises" is engaged in the cultivation and sale of plants, for a year they are sold more than 300 thousand pieces.
Keukenhof Gardens, Holland. These gardens are located in the small town of Lisse, which is between The Hague and Amsterdam.It is believed that the local flower park with an area of 32 hectares is the largest in the world. It was founded in the 15th century, then, however, vegetables, fruits and medicinal herbs were grown here. This is what gave the name to the garden - Keukenhof, or "kitchen yard". The idea to create a flower park in these places belongs to the mayor of Lisse, who in 1949 decided that in the garden it would be possible to represent hybrids from all over the country and even Europe. And now every spring, the park blooms with colorful and patterned floral carpets. The main flower here, of course, is the famous tulip. The spectacle lasts for two whole months, while the withered flowers are immediately replaced with new ones. In preparation for the holiday, up to 8 million bulbs are planted in 4 layers in autumn. At the very bottom are late-flowering tulips, above them are early-flowering ones, above are hyacinths, and crocuses, which are the first harbingers of spring, sit closest to the surface. Kodak claims the Keukenhof Gardens are the second most photographed by visitors after India's Taj Mahal.
Mirabell Garden, Salzburg. This Austrian city was built in the Baroque style, in the same spirit the local Salzburg Mirabell garden is made. It was laid out in 1690 next to the palace of the same name on the site of a former vegetable garden. The building was erected by the prince-archbishop Wolf Dietrich for his mistress Salome Alt, who eventually bore him 15 children. At first, the palace and the garden bore the name of Altenau, over time the building was rebuilt many times, there were fires, and today little remains of the original appearance. Mirabell Garden was rebuilt in 1730, leaving many of those features today. Ancient drawings and drawings have helped to preserve its appearance - terraces, marble fountains and sculptures. Today, the former aviary houses an exhibition pavilion. The Mirabell Garden is famous for the fact that it houses one of the world's oldest "green theaters", and since 1715 the garden of 28 dwarfs has been preserved here. Once upon a time, gentlemen took pleasure in looking at angry and ugly figures. Some of the rulers removed the creepy gnomes from the garden, and some returned them back. As a result, several figures were lost. The landscaped garden contributes to the relaxation of Salzburg residents and its guests. Here you can fully enjoy both the beauty of nature and the creation of human hands. Local fountains amaze with their luxury, various sculptural compositions. The main fountain of the garden is surrounded by four sculptural groups that characterize different elements - water, air, earth and fire. The Mirabelle Garden is used with pleasure by filmmakers, it was here that the movie "The Sound of Music" was filmed, in which the children sang "Do-re-mi".