The vast majority of airport interiors are extremely practical, and sometimes even boring. This is due to the fact that for a very long time only one simple idea reigned in the minds of architects. It seemed that passengers only needed high-quality infrastructure and clear navigation inside the facility. It is for this reason that when creating the air terminal complexes, the designers showed concern only for the comfort of the halls and the visibility of the signs.
However, over time, the needs of tourists have also changed. Today, airports are expected not only for convenience, but also for beautiful design. This idea has resulted in a modern trend in the construction of an air harbor, which is most clearly traced in Asian countries.
For example, China and South Korea consider airports to be one of the symbols of the nation. Therefore, the costs associated with creating a unique architectural style are not considered a waste. Moreover, by building phenomenal structures, they demonstrate not only their wealth, but also their technological skill. Following Asia, new terminals are emerging across the globe, which are more impressive each time.
Although not surprising, their goal is to revive the once-lost magical feeling of airplane travel. For the sake of fairness, it should be noted that the initial ideas for the construction of air terminals also did not fade into the background.
The architecture of modern airports combines uniqueness of design, beauty and increased comfort. Thus, the world's most beautiful airports not only admire their appearance. Their interior facilitates travelers to get to the exit they need in time.
Beijing International Airport, Terminal 3, China. The so-called "gateway to China", two kilometers long, resembles a huge hidden dragon at the very edge of the airfield. This impression is created by the architects' idea. They have created an extremely complex roof structure. Namely - a mesh of glass and metal parts that filters sunlight at a special angle. As a result, it is divided into yellow and red spectra, which not only gives the ceiling color, but also helps orient travelers in the building. The architects also took a very practical approach to using the cardinal points. The terminal itself is oriented from north to south, which helps newly arrived passengers to adapt faster. The system of windows is directed to the south-east, which allows to prolong the presence of daylight in the premises. Terminal 3 has a well-developed infrastructure. If you're in the mood for food, there's a special area called World Cuisine. 72 restaurants offer food for a wide variety of tastes, from fast food to traditional food, from Chinese to Western, from baked goods to ice cream, and so on. Moreover, there is a trade, duty-free and business zone, where banks, business and Internet centers are located, and much more.
Madrid-Barajas Airport, Terminal 4, Spain. Terminal 4 opened in Madrid in 2006. Now 35 million passengers pass annually under a light undulating roof covered with bamboo and supported by colorful pylons. The unified space of the terminal consists of several levels. It is mainly illuminated by daylight, which enters through special holes in the roof. Certainly, the main achievement of the airport is the atmosphere created with the help of visual effects. Glass panels and gentle light filling the space create a sense of soothing harmony and release tension. Due to the simplicity of the linear design, it is difficult to get lost even in such a huge space. At the same time, large rooms do not put pressure on passengers: travelers seem to be in a colorful rainbow. With this new terminal, Madrid is trying to establish itself as the main air hub of Europe.
John F. Kennedy Airport, TWA Terminal, New York, USA. Terminal TWA (full name - "International Airlines Center"), today called "Terminal 5". It was opened in 1962. The building was designed by the Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinero. The structure is an abstract symbol of flight, as a result of which it received the nickname "winged gull". This building was considered one of the most original airports in the world. Due to the airline's crisis, the TWA terminal was closed for renovation. In 2008, renovations came to an end and the building was taken over by JetBlue Airways. For the first time in the history of airports, it was here that baggage conveyors, electronic displays, predecessors of modern baggage scales and even cable TV appeared. In this air harbor there is a wonderful opportunity to feel that very "pleasant thrill of air travel".
Carrasco International Airport, Montevideo, Uruguay. The new terminal was opened in 2009. Its architecture is absolutely simple. The huge luxurious arc fits perfectly into the local landscape. And beneath it are spacious arrivals and departures, gently flooded with sunlight. The 400-meter-wide dome is made of glass to make the most of natural light. It reveals a fascinating view of the runways. The smooth curve and bottom profile of the monolithic roof of the building are believed to have been designed from the views of the dunes along the Uruguayan coastline. Cozy terraces and comfortable airport lounges have been designed to welcome not only travelers themselves, but also their loved ones.
Sondika Airport, Bilbao, Spain. Sondika Airport opened in the Spanish province in 2000. He was immediately nicknamed la paloma - "dove". And this is no accident, because in its outlines it really resembles a bird. The terminal interior is decorated with various architectural elements. Rigid criss-crossing "ribs" on the walls, floor and ceiling, staircase handrails intertwined with sunbeams create a special rhythm of modern baroque and remind passengers of the precious heritage of the famous architect Gaudí.
Denver International Airport, USA. The air harbor was opened in February 1995. Its construction cost $ 4.8 billion. This building completely refutes all traditional ideas about what a real airport should look like. Travelers admire not only the convenient location of the premises, but also the unusual roof, which is not surprising. After all, the structure of the building resembles rocky snowy mountain peaks, which are a local landmark. The terminal looks most impressive against the background of the Rocky Mountains, if you move towards it from the east. Roof covering is a unique development that allows you to keep the heat of the sun in winter. Moreover, it was this building that took first place in the list of the most sustainable structures on the planet. The unusual atmosphere of the air dock is created by whimsical music that accompanies the arrival of the airport's moving walkway. It was created by Denver musician Jim Green (also inspired by the "laughing escalators" at the local Convention Center).
Incheon International Airport, Seoul, South Korea. Incheon Air Terminal was opened in 2001. Since that time, it has regularly been included in the ratings of the best airports in the world. So, every year, since 2005, it is recognized as the best in the world by the Airports Council International and receives the highest rating "Five Stars" according to the British research company Skytrax. This valuable transport hub boasts an exclusive infrastructure of amenities, including golf courses, casinos, massage rooms, sleeping rooms and conservatories. However, this air harbor is not only convenient for travelers. It enchants them with its beauty against the backdrop of a bright blue sea and immediately introduces visitors to the local culture. The roof arch looks like a traditional Korean temple. The corridors of the arrivals area are decorated with various elements that recall the five millennia of the history of this land. In addition, this building is one of the few on earth that still looks futuristic even 10 years after its construction.
Marrakech Menara Airport, Morocco. Marrakech Menara is much more than just an airport. It can be safely called a "time machine". Arriving in a high-tech building built in the 21st century, you nevertheless find yourself in a city where the spirit of antiquity reigns. The traditions of distant ancestors, as well as the art of the ancient East, are honored here. The airport itself may well be considered a real wonder of the world. Indeed, in its design, the architects managed to incredibly harmoniously weave into a single whole the fast pace of life and modern technology with ancient local traditions in art. And here is the result - an openwork, snow-white, airy miracle, rather reminiscent of a luxurious palace. When constructing the airport building, local architects started from two main ideas - about light and environmental friendliness. The entire structure consists of huge rhombuses, and their hollow planes are filled with graceful arabesques in the oriental style. The light entering through such original windows creates wonderful patterns in the rooms. And for the preservation of the environment, 72 photovoltaic pyramids are located on the roof of the building, which generate the required amount of energy. Air terminal Marrakech Menara is considered small by world standards. However, its extraordinary entourage gives the right to call it one of the most beautiful airports on the planet.
Chek Lap Kok Airport, Hong Kong. The airport was opened for commercial use in 1998. And despite its relatively short history, Hong Kong International Air Harbor has repeatedly won international awards as the best airport in the world. Although it is likely that this project may seem very modest when compared to other amazing air terminals. However, its beauty is still special. It is directly related to functionality and exemplary infrastructure. After all, the passenger can easily navigate in it with almost closed eyes (which is especially valuable for travelers after such a tiring 17-hour flight from New York). The undulating roof of the building has a subconscious effect on travelers. She, like an arrow-pointer, makes tourists move in the right direction. The glory of one of the largest transport hubs is supported by a comfortable express train going directly to the city center and a 12-lane highway leading to the airport. By the way, the train is very difficult to miss as it departs directly from the main terminal building.
Malvinas Argentinas Airport, Ushuaia, Argentina. The airport is located 4 kilometers south of the center of Ushuaia, a city on the island of Tierra del Fuego. This is perhaps the southernmost international airport on the planet. It seems to be the gateway to Patagonia and the Arctic. The Sky Wharf is located directly at the Beagle Channel (the latter is named after the ship on which Charles Darwin circled South America). It would seem that for such a remote air harbor it would be quite normal to observe ugly bunker terminals. However, all buildings are not just elegant. They are in absolute harmony with the majestic Andes.
Kansai International Airport, Osaka, Japan. The air harbor, designed by Renzo Piano, is located on an artificial island off the coast of Osaka Island. Here, right in the middle of the bay, an earthly corner appeared 4 thousand meters long and a thousand meters wide. According to the plan, this complex structure was supposed to withstand severe typhoons, high tsunamis and strong earthquakes. On January 17, 1995, Japan was struck by a terrible earthquake measuring 7 on the Richter scale. More than 6 thousand people died, but the airport still remained unharmed. Later, three years later, a typhoon swept over him. The wind speed reached 200 kilometers per hour. And the building survived again thanks to its well thought-out design, in appearance resembling an airplane wing. Today Kansai is a unique airport that has no analogues in the world. Only he alone is located right in the sea and, moreover, it is quite successful. After all, water drowns out the noise of endlessly taking off and landing aircraft. Thus, the airport terminal operating without interruption does not cause any inconvenience to local residents. There is an airport nearby. In it, tourists can have fun on flight simulators or watch takeoffs and landings from the observatory. In addition to its original location, Kansai has another interesting characteristic: like the Great Wall, it is perfectly visible from space.