How to learn English


In the modern world, it is difficult for an active person to live without knowledge of the English language. And in the independent study of English already in adulthood, many pitfalls are found.

It turns out that not everyone is successful. Isn't it a shame to spend a lot of time and not understand even the elementary basics? Isn't it better to listen to simple but effective advice that will help you quickly learn the basics of the English language?

You have to learn certain words. People who quit learning English halfway complain about their poor memory. It seems to many that the introduction to the language consists in memorizing a lot of new words, literally cramming them. In fact, in reality, everything is much simpler. In English, 300 words form 65% of everything written. These are the most commonly used words. And to know them already is a must. They will help you immerse yourself in English. Now the task no longer seems so impossible. Is it so hard to learn 300 words? And here it is already time to call on the didactic cards in their new guise for help. They can be done using the Anki program, which is available not only for PCs, but also for mobile devices. When creating virtual cards, you can prepare text, photo, video and audio material, as well as exercises for a specific lesson. A whole course of language learning will be formed from a set of such cards. Craftsmen have created tens of thousands of such sets, many of them are just aimed at repeating and learning the most common words. Those who are too lazy to make cards on their own can be advised to go to the sites cram.com and quizlet.com, where a lot of professional materials have already been prepared.

Use mnemonics. The art of memorization, mnemonics, was invented in ancient Greece. Thanks to him, there are no words left that a person could not learn. In difficult cases, you need to create memes that are funny phrases or tongue twisters. So "trolley" can be remembered as trolls riding on a cart. "Shoot" is a shooting jester and "sing" is singing in Singapore. For those who have difficulty creating such pairs, the multilingual memrise resources or the Russian-English zapominalki will help.

Find cognates. Do not be afraid of an unfamiliar word - we are talking about words with a common origin. It turns out that we have not yet begun to learn the language, we already know some of its words. Of course, we are not talking about exotic Swahili or dialects of Australian aborigines. Kognaths are found in different languages, and they are united by their common origin. In the languages ​​of the Romance group, which include French, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian and others, there are many namesake words that sound in a similar way. There are many cognates in the Germanic group (German, English). And even in our Slavic languages, in Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech and others, there are many words borrowed from Western languages. Our sister is sister in English, søster in Norwegian, schwester for Germans, sorella for Italians, and soeur for French. In Ukrainian, night is read like nich, in English this word is night, in German - nacht, in Spanish - noche, in Italian - notte, Celts and Bretons - noz. To get a list of similar words, just type the phrase "similar words in English and Russian" in a search engine. The result can be quite surprising.

Use Skype. For those who have formed a good vocabulary and reviewed a bunch of original videos, over time it is time to talk with a native speaker. And here the best assistant will be the Skype program, which makes it possible to communicate live with native speakers from different parts of the world. And do not be afraid that the interlocutor will be difficult to find - there are many communities of people on the Internet who are ready to chat with a stranger. You, in turn, will be able to improve them another language, the same Russian. And learning a language from scratch or preparing for work in a certain field will still require working with professionals.

Are you concerned about having to spend time in pairs like a student? Online language schools offer communication with a native speaker who has a teacher education. He will suggest those teaching methods that are most appropriate. The main feature of Skype is that you have to immediately start talking. And the sooner this happens, albeit with mistakes, the faster the language will become closer and clearer, and the speech more confident. Using Skype for language learning allows you not only to hear the interlocutor, but also to see him. As a result, you can get acquainted with articulation, compare the manner of speech and dynamics with the inherent facial expressions of the carrier. Yes, and during a conversation, you can keep nearby dictionaries and a list of the most frequently used words. This will provide an opportunity to check with them when talking. Communication on Skype will help you to act out standard situations: telephone conversations, speeches at meetings, interviews. It will be possible to record the conversation, and then analyze the mistakes with the mentor.

Dive in from the comfort of your couch. Many people complain about the impossibility of learning the language, since there is no money for travel and immersion in the language environment. And there is no time to go somewhere. But who said that the result can only be achieved through total immersion? Some of our immigrants living in America have not really been able to learn the language for decades. They are content with a few phrases to help explain themselves in the store. It should be understood that the language environment can be created at home, if you wish. Modern technologies allow you to do this without getting up from the couch, and besides, it is also absolutely free. Those who want to constantly listen to native speakers should check out tunein.com. There are collected online broadcasting channels of various radio stations from around the world. You can even see how people behave when talking - the Trends section on YouTube will help. It remains only to select the desired country from the list and start diving. There is another way to familiarize yourself with the language - usually on the news portals of the country of interest, after the video content, there is always a place for comments. You can see and read. It remains only to choose a top site and dive into the environment with its help.

Save on training. It seems that quality English tuition always comes at a cost. Meanwhile, there are a lot of interesting and free resources to get started with the language. And many of them can be used on the go, on the screen of a tablet or phone. For example, Duolingo turns learning into a game. Collecting points in it, you can move from simple levels to difficult. Babbel boasts 2,000 words for each picture language. Speech recognition is also built in to practice correct pronunciation. The world's largest database of spoken phrases and words is hosted on Forvo. Users here help each other. You can ask someone to say a new word, and in return make voice acting in your native language. Errors in the text will be corrected in the Lang-8 community. It will be enough to write a couple of paragraphs in the target language, and then submit the text for verification to native speakers. Do not forget that you yourself must try on the role of a teacher in response.

Compete with children. Adults are sometimes ashamed of the fact that they have to learn on an equal basis with children. For this reason, many even abandon the new language, considering themselves to be too old. We must forget about this once and for all! According to recent studies, it has become clear that adults understand the logic of language rules much better than children. That which at a young age we perceive intuitively, at a mature age we already comprehend with the mind and use such a tool at the right time. The only problem is the slower language learning for adults. But this can be attributed not at all to the ossification of the brain, but to the presence of more time in children, and less factors distract them from studying.

Use a smart goal system. Each of us has probably promised ourselves that from Monday (the beginning of the month, year) will certainly start a new life. This also applies to the English language. But few have achieved the result. And if language learning is a vague goal, then it is easier to achieve sports goals - there is a specific benchmark in the form of numerical indicators. Why not set smart goals for your language studies as well? The process is hampered in many respects precisely because of the lack of specifics in the goal setting. The S.M.A.R.T. system of smart goals will help in this situation. The acronym stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-Bound, or Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-Bound. The system assumes that you need to set a specific goal - why not learn a few hundred words in a certain number of months? And then use them to compose a story. And let the carrier find no more than a certain number of errors in it. So the study began to be characterized by numbers. So the likelihood of achieving the goal and learning the language will be much higher than in the case of an obligation to start a business from a certain date.

Do a full immersion. It was already mentioned that it is important not only to hear how native speakers speak, but also to see it. For speech perception, it is important to pay attention to accent, intonation, and body language. An accent is the specific reproduction of sounds of certain letters or their combinations. If a person who speaks Spanish does not growl, then they immediately recognize a foreigner. A similar fate awaits those who will not speak French through the nose. Intonation is the embodiment of the rhythm of the language and its musicality. And this has its own peculiarities. So, in English, an interrogative sentence with the help of intonation stretches up, and in Russian, on the contrary, down. Sign language can be used to accompany spoken text with gestures, postures, and movements. It is believed that the most expressive are Italians, who literally speak with their own hands. But the British are traditionally calm, from the outside they may even seem arrogant. Scandinavians look brooding and slow. But the Japanese and Chinese seem to be devoid of all kinds of emotions. And the sooner we learn to imitate this behavior, the sooner we can establish mutual contact with native speakers.

Don't be afraid to make mistakes on the road to success. Do not be afraid of defeat. The main thing is to convey your idea to the interlocutor. You can express yourself floridly by building a long sentence, or you can ask directly, using a couple of words. Both phrases ultimately have the same meaning. But if you always try to speak using the maximum of your baggage, then you may never start talking. And the solution to the problem will be delayed. Do not be afraid to make mistakes and speak with native speakers in their language. They will understand the foreigner, smile and help him. This will help you become more confident.


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